LabourStart logo.
Where trade unionists start their day on the net.

Labour History Calendar

English / Français / All languages

0 December 0 Canada Major unions express their solidarity with Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence in her hunger strike as she tries to force a treaty meeting with PM Harper. For more information
1 January 1952 Canada Old Age Security, the country's first universal pension plan, comes into effect for Canadians at 70 years of age. The Canada Pension Plan, based on employment contributions, follows in 1966. For more information
1 January 1994 North America North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) takes effect, despite objections by US, Mexican and Canadian unions. For more information
1 January 1966 United States of America At 8.02am a transport strike begins across New York City. Strikers will win a 15% pay rise, and other benefits, after 12 days. For more information
1 January 1895 New Zealand New Zealand's Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act came into force For more information
2 January 1980 United Kingdom Steelworkers begin their first national strike over pay in 50 years calling for a 20% rise. For more information
2 January 1879 Australia Sacked Austrialian seamen return to work after a six week strike, with the promise of re-employment over the next two years. For more information
2 January 1920 United States of America Thousands of US labor activists are arrested in the 'Palmer Raids' during the first Red Scare. For more information
3 January 1910 United Kingdom Miners strike for the 8 hour working day.
3 January 1932 Honduras Martial law is declaredin Honduras against a revolt by sacked United Fruit Company workers For more information
3 January 1917 United States of America Trial of labour organizer Tom Mooney begins in San Francisco for Preparedness Day bombing. He was framed & serves 22 years.
3 January 1974 Australia Forty four Victoria Street squatters, including BLF activist Joe Owens, are arrested as property developers try to clear the area for the construction of three skyscrapers. For more information
3 January 1894 Italy The government declared a state of siege and sent 40,000 troops to Sicily to crush a powerful movement of agricultural workers who were fighting for better wages & land redistribution, killing dozens and jailing 1000.
3 January 1932 Honduras Martial law was declared to quell a revolt initiated by sacked workers from the United Fruit Company.
4 January 1768 United Kingdom The army was sent into Spitalfields to quell protests by weavers.
4 January 1966 United States of America Transport Workers Union of America leader Mike Quill arrested for violating an anti-strike court injunction in 4-day old 35000-member strike.
4 January 1913 Ireland The funeral of 16 year old Alicia Brady, killed by a scab's bullet during the Dublin Lockout, takes place. Mourners include Jim Larkin & James Connolly. For more information
4 January 1961 Denmark End of the barbers' assistants strike in Copenhagen. Lasting 33 years, this is apparently the longest strike ever.
4 January 1965 United States of America Start of victorious 28-day strike by 8000 New York City social workers over better conditions for welfare recipients.
4 January 1917 Guyana A 10 day strike of wharf workers started against price rises. The dockers won an increase in wages and a shorter working week, and sparked a national strike wave.
4 January 1905 Russia Strike in St Petersburg's Putilov works spreads. Becomes a general strike within 3 days and helped begin the 1905 Russian Revolution.
5 January 1970 France A group of mercenaries headed to Sochaux to begin work at a Peugeot factory in order to infiltrate and break the union. Peugeot initially hired 120 mostly army veterans including convicted murderers and other criminals.
6 January 1882 Canada The Toronto Trades and Labour Council endorses the principle of equal pay for equal work between men and women.
6 January 2014 France Workers at Goodyear plant in Amiens took 2 bosses hostage demanding better severance pay. They occupied the plant and kept their bosses inside until the company agreed to triple the proposed redundancy pay.
7 January 1920 United States of America Five elected members of the New York state assembly belonging to the Socialist Party are refused their seats. For more information
7 January 1913 Peru A strike for the 8-hour day began after workers rejected proposals from employers. In El Callao, there was a total stoppage of industry as gasworkers, mill workers, typographers, bakers and other unions came out on strike.
8 January 1987 Spain The Puerto Real shipyard dispute began. After 6 months workers successfully beat cuts by the Socialist Party govt.
8 January 1938 Burma Striking oil workers march to Yangon and are joined by large numbers of workers and students resulting in the founding of the nationalist All-Burma Trade Union Congress. For more information
8 January 1912 South Africa The African National Congress is founded in Bloemfontein
9 January 1907 Mexico The army puts down the labour rebellion in Rio Blanco. Nearly 200 textile workers are killed, 400 arrested, and 1,500 sacked.
9 January 1907 Mexico The Mexican army crushed a labour rebellion by striking textile workers asking for better pay & shorter hours.
9 January 1973 South Africa A strike wave begins in Durban when 2000 black brickworkers walk off the job and win a doubling of their wages For more information
9 January 1974 Canada Workers at United Aircraft in Longueiul, Québec begin a bitter confrontation that lasts 20 months. One result is the anti-scab law introduced by the new Parti Québécois government in 1977. For more information
10 January 2005 Bolivia COB calls a general strike for public ownership of Bolivia's gas industry. For more information
10 January 1918 Spain 200 homemakers marched through Barcelona calling textile workers out to strike against high cost of living.
10 January 2007 Guinea General strike in Guinea. For more information
11 January 1937 United States of America Police beat and arrest UAW members during the great sit-down strike in Flint, Michigan For more information
11 January 1928 Russia Stalin banishes Leon Trotsky to Alma-Ata. Next year, he will be deported from the USSR altogether. For more information
11 January 1946 Haiti Haitian dictator Elie Lescot resigns after three days of spreading strike action against his government For more information
11 January 1938 Burma Led by the legendary Thakin Po Hla Gyi, workers begin escalating strikes at Burmah Oil that culminated in a general strike in 1939. The workers demands included an 8-hour working day, paid overtime, medical leave and decent living quarters. For more information
11 January 1831 UK Dozens of workers are convicted of machine-breaking during the agricultural workers' rebellion commonly known as the Swing Riots For more information
11 January 1912 United States of America The 'Bread and Roses' strike began in Lynn Massachusetts. The strike was begun and led by mainly immigrant women. For more information
12 January 1922 Hong Kong Seamen went on strike for higher wages. Over 30,000 walked out, and despite the government declaring the strike illegal after 52 days they won pay increases of 15-30%.
12 January 2000 Bolivia The 'Water War' in Cochabamba heats up as protestors set up road blockades around the town. For more information
12 January 1913 Costa Rica The Confederación General de Trabajadores (CGT) was formed.
13 January 1920 Germany Over 100,000 workers demonstrated outside the Reichstag to protest the Social Democrats weakening the workers' councils. They stormed the building but then police fired into the crowd killing 42 and wounding 105.
13 January 1874 United States of America Mounted police from the NYPD violently attack a demonstration of unemployed workers in Tompkins Square Park. For more information
14 January 1893 United Kingdom Foundation of the Independent Labour Party following the Manningham Mills strike in Bradford. For more information
14 January 2011 Tunisia President Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia after street protests led by the UGTT brought down his government at the start of the Arab spring.
14 January 1929 Australia 600 union dock workers rushed the scab-filled Mareeba steamship in Port Adelaide. Scabs and police fought the workers, who retaliated with stones, injuring 30 scabs. One scab began shooting into the crowd but was not arrested.
15 January 1831 United Kingdom Farm labourer Henry Cooke was executed for his part in the Captain Swing riots the previous year. During a protest he punched an aristocrat who assaulted a worker, which earned him the death penalty.
15 January 1919 Peru Workers across Peru win the 8-hour day after a series of strikes which began in textile factories in Lima and quickly spread For more information
15 January 1919 Peru After strikes starting in Lima's textile factories workers won the right to an 8 hour day, despite the government arresting and torturing strike leaders.
15 January 1929 United States of America Birth of civil rights activist and labor movement supporter Martin Luther King, Jr For more information
15 January 1889 Canada Innkeeper Joe Beef of Montréal dies, a legendary friend to the outcast poor and labouring classes. More than 50 unions march in his funeral procession. For more information
16 January 1997 India Trade union leader, Dutta Samant was assassinated. He had led 300,000 mill workers in a year-long strike in 1982 in Mumbai.
16 January 1979 Iran The Shah of Iran flees into exile after months of protests which included strikes by unions and leftwing groups. For more information
17 January 1922 China Huang Ai and Pang Renquan were beheaded for their role in organizing a mill workers strike.
17 January 1915 United States of America The song 'Solidarity Forever' by Ralph Chaplin is first sung, on a hunger march through Chicago organised by Lucy Parsons. For more information
18 January 1982 India 300,000 textile workers in 60 mills across Mumbai went on strike for wage and bonus increases. Remaining out for 16 months, the workers were eventually defeated in what became a key event in the Indian workers' movement.
18 January 1961 United Kingdom The footballers union wins the abolition of the maximum wage after a unamious strike vote.
18 January 1913 Ireland Jim Larkin addresses a crowd of Dublin workers in Croydon Park, telling them to go back to work on the best available terms.
18 January 1929 Australia 800 women - mostly the wives of striking Port Adelaide workers - began a march in support of their husbands. The women, many with their children marched to the port to confront scabs, and fought back when attacked by police.
18 January 1984 Uruguay The PIT holds the first general strike against the Uruguayan military government For more information
18 January 2013 China 1000 migrant factory workers in Shanghai stopped work and held 18 bosses hostage in protest at a new disciplinary policy, which included a two-minute limit on the bathroom breaks. The company quickly withdrew the policy.
19 January 1969 Czech Republic Death of Jan Palach, who set himself on fire in protest against the USSR's invasion of Czechoslovakia. For more information
19 January 1973 Canada Annie Buller, a veteran Communist organizer, dies in Toronto at 78 years of age after a lifetime of activism in support of labour and political causes. For more information
20 January 1872 Philippines Soldiers and workers in the Spanish garrison at Cavite rise up, hoping to provoke a national rebellion against the Spanish. For more information
20 January 1950 Canada Barred windows and locked doors prevent workers from escaping a fire in a small basement garment factory in downtown Toronto. Of the eleven people in the shop, six die in the blaze, including the owner and his son, and three more in hospital. For more information
20 January 1914 Canada Joseph Mairs, 21, a coal miner from Ladysmith, British Columbia, dies in prison after failing to receive adequate medical treatment. He is one of more than 200 strikers arrested in a long struggle for recognition of the United Mine Workers of America For more information
21 January 1946 USA 750,000 steelworkers walk off the job, join Great Strike Wave For more information
21 January 1969 Malta Dockers struck over an attempt to change their longstanding customary entitlements including the right to pass jobs on to their sons.
21 January 1972 Namibia Striking Ovambo workers in South African occupied Namibia win the abolition of the contract labour system For more information
22 January 1969 United States of America Black workers at the Eldon Chrysler plant in Detroit march on the autoworkers' union with a list of grievances. The workers had formed ELRUM - the Eldon Revolutionary Union Movement - and they called a strike the next day.
22 January 1905 Russia Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg as the Tsar's troops shoot down hundreds of protesting workers. For more information
23 January 1982 South Africa Formula1 Grand Prix drivers went on strike and barricaded themselves in doors in protest against new "super licence" conditions. They were fined but they won and the new licences were withdrawn.
23 January 1918 Canada In wartime Nova Scotia, 88 men are killed in an explosion in a coal mine at Stellarton. The casualties of that day are later listed on a memorial. Another memorial lists the 69 local soldiers killed during the four years of the First World War. For more information
23 January 1913 United States of America Joe Hill's song 'Mr. Block', extolling the virtues of industrial unionism, is first published in the IWW's newpaper. For more information
24 January 1911 Japan Influential Japanese anarchist Shusui Kotoku is hanged along with ten others after conviction on circumstantial evidence For more information
24 January 2009 Canada Le Journal de Montreal declared a lockout that was to last 764 days as the employer attempted to 'gigify' the workers' collective agreement. For more information
24 January 1986 United Kingdom Print workers at Rupert Murdoch's News International went on strike against the new, open shop, no-strike plant at Wapping in London. They were all sacked and replaced by scabs and after a year they declared their strike lost.
24 January 1979 Canada The first bank strike in Canadian history begings when workers picket La Banque d'épargne de la cité et du district de Montréal branches. For more information
24 January 1919 Ireland Staff barricaded themselves inside the Monaghan Lunatic Asylum and declared a Soviet. They also made demands on pay and working hours, including equal pay for women. They won their demands in February.
25 January 2011 Egypt Opposition groups turn 'National Police Day' into a massive day of protest against President Mubarak
25 January 1988 Canada Members of the United Nurses of Alberta defy a ban on strike action and begin a province-wide strike against cutbacks in health care. They win their case, and a better contract follows two years later. For more information
26 January 1983 Canada The Front Commun strike begins in Quebec as CEGEP instructors walk. They are followed by teachers and eventually the entire public sector. For more information
26 January 1981 Canada An illegal strike by 16,000 Ontario hospital workers, members of the Canadian Union of Public Employees, begins. CUPE President Grace Hartman later goes to jail for supporting her members. For more information
27 January 1918 Finland Workers took over Helsinki. The new republic instituted workers’ control of production, abolished the old mode of land distribution and emancipated domestic servants and farmhands.
27 January 1872 Canada A public meeting at the Mechanics' Institute in Hamilton, Ontario adopts resolutions to reduce the normal six-day working week from 60 to 54 hours. When the Nine Hour League is announced, support grows in a dozen centres, from Sarnia to Montréal. For more information
27 January 1850 United States of America Samuel Gompers, founder of the American Federation of Labor, is born.
28 January 1918 Germany Hundreds of thousands of workers went on general strike against war in Berlin, and across the country in the next few days 4 million took to the streets.
28 January 1946 Chile Six workers demonstrating against rising prices were murdered and many more seriously injured by police in Bulnes Square, Santiago.
28 January 1935 Saint Kitts and Nevis Cane cutters refused to start reaping the new sugar cane crop. Soon a general strike of sugar workers developed, during which British troops killed two strikers and wounded eight.
28 January 1918 Germany In Berlin, 100,000 workers take to the streets in a strike led by the Revolutionary Shop Stewards' movement. For more information
29 January 1946 Canada Supreme Court Justice Ivan C. Rand releases his report on the Ford strike and imposes the Rand Formula to promote union security. For more information
29 January 1834 United States of America Federal troops are used to break a strike for the first time in America, on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
29 January 1980 Canada Jean-Claude Parrot, president of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers, is sent to prison for defying a back-to-work law. For more information
30 January 1919 Global Foundation of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). For more information
30 January 1919 United Kingdom 40,000 workers went on strike in the engineering and shipbuilding industries in Glasgow’s #Clydeside to fight for the 40-hour working week. Thousands of electricity workers and miners also struck in sympathy.
30 January 1893 Italy Pietro Tresso, one of the founders of Italian Trotskyism, born. Later executed by Stalinists in the French Resistance For more information
31 January 1938 United States of America 12,000 pecan shellers, most of them Hispanic women, strike for higher wages and civil rights in San Antonio, Texas. For more information
31 January 1907 Canada More than 400 women telephone operators in Toronto walk out when Bell Telephone attempts to introduce longer hours and lower pay. For more information
31 January 1913 Ireland Building labourers return to work after the Dublin lock-out, signing a pledge to remain outside the ITGWU.
31 January 1919 United Kingdom The Collar Laundry Union was formed in New York, the first women's union in US history, led by Kate Mullany. Over the next few years the women increase their wages from $2 to $14 a week. For more information
31 January 1919 United Kingdom triking workers fought police in the centre of Glasgow. The Secretary of State for Scotland declared it a "Bolshevist uprising"
31 January 1912 Australia A general strike begins in Brisbane in support of thousands of tramworkers sacked for wearing union badges. For more information
31 January 1919 United Kingdom The Battle of George Square starts when police used baton charges against more than 60,000 men, women and children who had gathered to demand a 40-hour working week For more information
1 February 1864 United States of America The Collar Laundry Union was formed in New York, the first women's union in US history, led by Kate Mullany. Over the next few years the women increase their wages from $2 to $14 a week.
1 February 2010 Finland Over 1,000 workers join a 24 hour wildcat strike across Finnish ports For more information
2 February 2015 Bermuda Police and strikers clash during the racially-charged Belco strike. For more information
2 February 1912 Australia "Baton Friday" as police attack striking workers in Brisbane For more information
3 February 1998 Sri Lanka 600,000 Sri Lankan plantation workers begin a wage strike bringing the economy to a halt.
3 February 1939 Canada The first group of Canadian veterans of the Spanish Civil War disembark at Halifax. Of the more than 1,300 Canadians who fought fascism in Spain, more than 400 were killed. Many of the volunteers were union activists and others radicalized in the 1930s. For more information
3 February 2005 Canada Ontario's Liberal minister Gerard Kennedy describes 'strike' as 'a bit of a five-letter word' in the education sector For more information
4 February 1919 United States of America The General Strike Committee meets in Seattle, and makes preparations for an all-out labour stoppage For more information
4 February 1924 United States of America IWW members took on the Ku Klux Klan, patrolling the streets of Greenville, Maine, after the KKK tried to threaten IWW union organisers: “We are going to stick, and if the Klan wants to start something, the IWW are going to finish it”
4 February 1924 USA K.K.K. And I.W.W. Wage Drawn Battle in Greenville, ME For more information
4 February 1869 United States of America IWW and SPUSA leader Big Bill Haywood is born in Salt Lake City, Utah. For more information
5 February 2009 Martinique Unions come together in the 5th February Collective to launch a multi-industry strike against increasing living costs For more information
5 February 1913 United States of America 17-year-old Ida Braiman is shot dead by a contractor during the garment workers' strike in Rochester, NY. For more information
5 February 1919 Spain 140 workers in the CNT union walked out on strike against the sacking of 8 workers in a Barcelona hydroelectric plant. It grew to a general strike shutting 70% of firms until bosses caved and even introduced 1st 8-hour day laws.
5 February 1919 Spain The Barcelona general strike begins when 140 factory workers walk out in support of eight sacked colleagues For more information
5 February 1981 United Kingdom 240 mostly women workers at the Lee Jeans factory in Greenock Scotland occupied it upon learning that it was due to be closed. They held out 7 months until management caved and agreed to a buyout which kept their jobs.
5 February 1982 United Kingdom Negotiations between union and management began after the mostly female workforce of the Plessey capacitor plant in Bathgate, Scotland, began to occupy the factory against its closure.
6 February 2012 Canada Eleven farmworkers, including nine migrant workers from Peru, are killed in a highway crash at Hampstead, Ontario. The tragedy highlights unsafe conditions in the sector and the exploitation of seasonal workers. For more information
6 February 1919 United States of America A total of 60,000 of Seattle's population of 315,000 join the general strike on its first day
6 February 1974 United Kingdom With the prospect of a UK-wide coalminers strike Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath called a snap election under the slogan "Who governs Britain?" - meaning the government, or the unions? He lost, and miners won 35% pay increase.
7 February 2006 France 400,000 people in 187 cities protested against the new CPE law which gave bosses right to fire 18-26 year-old workers with neither notice nor reason. Strikes, riots, occupations and blockades forced govt to drop it.
8 February 1938 Russia Veteran metalworker Olga Taratuta was executed in the USSR for organising rail workers. She had been arrested and imprisoned many times by the regime and by the Tsar.
8 February 1919 United States of America Workers in Butte, Montana responded to a dollar per day wage cut by launching a general strike. To prevent disunity, workers formed a Workers and Soldiers Council to conduct the strike.
8 February 1962 France The Charonne massacre took place in Paris, when nine members of the CGT trade union were killed by the police while demonstrating against the OAS French paramilitaries in Algeria.
9 February 1869 Canada Birth of James Bryson McLachlan, at Ecclefechan, Scotland. As a union leader in Canada he becomes the champion of the Nova Scotia coal miners and a leading spokesman for the cause of labour radicalism. For more information
9 February 2011 Egypt Strikes begin to spread across Egypt, as new independent unions emerge during the anti-Mubarak movement For more information
9 February 1932 Germany The last issue of ‘Syndikalist’, newspaper of the Dresden FAUD, the anarcho-syndicalist Free Workers Union of Germany, was published before its suppression by the Nazis.
10 February 1972 UK 30,000 Birmingham engineers go on strike in solidarity with striking miners. Thousands of them march to Saltley Gate coke depot, overpowering police to shut the gates.
10 February 1928 Canada At the Hollinger Consolidated Gold Mine at Timmins, Ontario, the largest in North America, 39 miners are killed when a fire spreads carbon monoxide through the workings. There is no rescue plan in place and it takes five days to put out the fire. For more information
11 February 2011 Egypt After three days of spreading strikes, President Hosni Mubarak is finally forced to resign For more information
11 February 1959 Ireland The Irish Congress of Trade Unions is founded as two rival union centres dissolve themselves.
11 February 1908 Canada Eight workers are killed in an explosion at the Standard Explosive Company works on Île Perrot, near Montreal. For more information
11 February 1987 United Kingdom Mark Ashton, leading member of Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners, died aged just 26. LGSM raised huge amounts of money for Welsh miners during the strike of 1984-5 and brought together the LGBT & workers movements.
11 February 1963 Canada At Reesor Siding, near Kapuskasing, Ontario, eleven union members are shot, three fatally, in a confrontation over pulpwood supplies for a strikebound mill. Three of the attackers are later fined for possessing dangerous firearms. For more information
11 February 1937 United States of America The 6 week-long sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Michigan ends as GM agrees to recognize the UAW.
12 February 1968 United States of America Sanitation workers in Memphis begin a strike for recognition. During this strike Martin Luther King Jr is murdered For more information
12 February 1968 United States of America The Memphis sanitation strike by African-American workers began in protest against mistreatment, discrimination, dangerous working conditions, and the recent deaths of two workers. They held out until April and won.
13 February 1998 Sri Lanka After 10 days on strike 600,000 plantation workers win a wage increase and return to work.
13 February 1913 United States of America 82-year-old labour activist Mother Jones was arrested in West Virginia for supporting a coal miners strike. Convicted in a military court she was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Pardoned after serving 85 days.
14 February 1949 Canada In defiance of provincial laws, asbestos workers in Québec begin a four-month strike for better wages and workplace safety. With strong public support for the miners' cause, the strike becomes a forerunner of the province's Quiet Revolution. For more information
14 February 1936 United States of America Goodyear workers in Ohio strike. They defy union orders to leave the plant & resist 150 sheriff's deputies. Threatening a general strike if a vigilante army was used, they won after a month.
14 February 1818 United States of America Frederick Douglass is born into slavery in Maryland. He will go on to become a titanic figure in the struggle against slavery, and in favour of universal suffrage and women's rights.
15 February 1982 Canada All 84 crew on board are lost when an oil-drilling rig capsizes and sinks in a storm on the Grand Banks off Newfoundland and Labrador. The Ocean Ranger disaster is attributed to failures in structural design and inadequate safety measures. For more information
15 February 1912 United Kingdom Women workers in a factory in Bridport staged a wildcat strike over pay and conditions. They refused arbitration and ended strike only after a London union official came down to sign them up & settle the dispute.
15 February 1913 United States of America A strike of rubber workers in #Akron organised by @_IWW union grew to 3,500 strikers. Earlier that month 300 workers at Firestone walked out and were eventually joined by 20K others but police violence & repression forced them to end it.
16 February 1924 United Kingdom 200,000 dock workers walked out on strike. The Labour Party were in power for the first time and invoked emergency powers to crush the strike. Despite this, the workers held out and won pay increases.
16 February 1921 Italy Fascists tried to break a transport workers' strike by operating the trams. But they were met with mass resistance, with one scab tram attacked by over 400 people.
17 February 2006 UK Royal Mail workers in Belfast return to work after a successful wildcat strike against victimisation For more information
17 February 1944 Canada Wartime unrest convinces the federal government to bring in an emergency order, P.C. 1003. It requires employers to recognize and bargain with unions supported by the majority of employees. This sets a standard for postwar labour relations law. For more information
17 February 1918 Russia Lenin orders the execution, dep[ortation and imprisonment of sex workers.
17 February 1993 United Kingdom Over 300 workers sacked at Timex factory, Dundee after official strike over a pay freeze & redundancies.
18 February 1925 Peru Maritime and railway workers in Mollendo, Peru, launched a general strike against the unjustified sacking of three workers at the British-owned Peruvian Corporation. A week later, the workers were reinstated.
18 February 1924 France Madame Sorgue, French revolutionary & feminist died in London. A fierce advocate for the working class, she supported many strikes, including several by women workers in France against sexual harassment from male bosses
18 February 1935 United States of America Tens of thousands of New Yorkers were stranded by a wildcat strike of elevator operators in the city.
18 February 2010 Ghana Sex workers in Accra, Ghana in the Commercial Workers' Union were fighting to collectively raise their prices in response to high inflation.
19 February 2017 Canada Labour leader Bob White dies at 81 years of age. He is remembered as a founder of the Canadian Auto Workers and a popular president of the Canadian Labour Congress. For more information
19 February 1866 United States of America The first union in Mississippi was created by African-American washerwomen.
19 February 1986 United States of America The Farm Labourers Organizing Committee wins recognition at Campbell's Soup farms after years of struggle For more information
20 February 1919 United States of America The Elaine massacre took place in Arkansas. After black farm workers tried to organise for better pay, hundreds of African-Americans were murdered and tortured by white racists and security forces
21 February 1891 Canada At Springhill, Nova Scotia an explosion takes the lives of 125 men and boys in the province's largest coal mine disaster. They leave more than 200 widows and children. For more information
21 February 1919 Spain 70% of businesses in Catalonia shut as Barcelona power workers begin a city-wide strike
22 February 1921 Mexico The CGT is founded by left-wing workers dismayed by the 'yellow' leadership of Mexico's biggest union, CROM.
22 February 1905 Ukraine Workers at Kerner factory in Ukraine went on strike demanding better conditions. One of the workers was Nestor Makhno, who would later a revolutionary army which would defeat the White armies of generals Denikin and Wrangel.
22 February 1927 Japan The first union for Korean casual labourers in Japan was formed: the Casual Workers' Union (Jiyü Rõdõsha Kumiai).
22 February 1919 India Mill owners in Ahmedabad lock out workers who refuse a 20% pay rise, sticking to their demand of 50% For more information
23 February 2011 Greece Greeks stage a huge general strike in protest at IMF and EU austerity measures For more information
23 February 1910 United States of America Workers at the soon to be infamous Triangle Shirtwaist factory decided to end their five month long strike. They had won higher wages and reduced hours but failed to get union recognition.
23 February 2004 Slovakia Police attacked unemployed workers, mostly Roma, protesting welfare cuts. Police beat & tear gassed, then tortured people with batons and electric prods but unemployed kept up struggle & won improvements.
24 February 1941 Netherlands Amsterdam dockers strike when Nazis begin deporting Jews to death camps by ship. Strike spreads across the city. For more information
24 February 1944 United States of America 320 men, mostly African-Americans were killed in explosion at the Port Chicago naval base. 50 African-American servicemen who then protested against unsafe conditions were court-martialed and sentenced to 8-15 years hard labour.
24 February 1939 United States of America US Supreme Court ruled sitdown strikes illegal.
25 February 1931 Canada In Toronto more than 500 women dressmakers protest sweatshop conditions in the needle trades and begin a strike for better wages and union recognition. Large numbers of scabs and police are deployed. For more information
25 February 1792 France Working class ‘sans-culottes’ invaded shops in Paris forcing merchants to sell their goods at affordable prices.
26 February 1990 United Kingdom An evening picket of striking textile workers in Hackney, East London attacked by police, a fierce fight followed.
26 February 2014 Cyprus Rolling power cuts hit the country as workers protest utility privatisation plans. For more information
26 February 2009 Greece Striking security guards, who are temporary contract workers, shut down the Acropolis in Athens. For more information
26 February 1979 Canada The Farmworkers Organizing Committee (FWOC) is established at a meeting in a room in the New Westminster library. Eight people are present including: Raj Chouhan, Harinder Mahil, Sarwan Sidhu, Pritam Singh, Amarit Pal Mann, Gurnam Sahota. For more information
27 February 1941 Netherlands German troops and Dutch police crush The February Strike, a union protest against the deportation of Dutch Jews to death camps. For more information
27 February 1939 United States of America Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.
27 February 1881 United States of America African-American laundresses in Atlanta, Georgia, went on strike and were successful in raising wages and establishing a union.
27 February 1951 New Zealand Troops are sent onto the Auckland and Wellington wharfs to attempt to break the dockers' strike For more information
28 February 2012 India Up to 100 million workers take part in a general strike in India, possibly the largest strike in history. For more information
28 February 1921 El Salvador The newly formed shoemakers' union in El Salvador ends its first ever strike after a week, with its demands met
1 March 1921 Russia 16,000 people met in Kronstadt, Russia, which passed a 15-point resolution condemning the new Bolshevik dictatorship and calling for all power to the soviets and freedom of press and assembly for workers and peasants.
1 March 1912 UK The Miners Federation of Great Britain commences the first national coalminers' strike, for a minimum wage. For more information
1 March 1912 United Kingdom Over 1 million British coal miners went on strike for a nationwide minimum wage for coal miners. 37 days into the strike the government caved and passed the Coal Mines Act, establishing a minimum wage for the first time.
3 March 1976 Spain In Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country, Spanish police killed 5 workers and injured another 100 during a general strike.
3 March 1985 UK A Special Delegate Conference of the NUM votes by 98-91 for a return to work after the year-long miners' strike.
3 March 1921 Russia he first issue of the Kronstadt Izvestia, bulletin of rebel sailors, soldiers & workers of Kronstadt was published.
4 March 1910 Canada An avalanche in the Rogers Pass, British Columbia, takes the lives of workers clearing snow from Canadian Pacific Railway tracks. A total of 62 bodies are recovered, including four the following spring. The dead include 32 contract labourers from Japan. For more information
5 March 1984 United Kingdom 6,000 miners went on strike at Cottonwood Colliery starting the great UK miners strike. They were joined by the majority of workers in the industry in opposition to pit closures, but their eventual defeat marked a damaging blow for working class power.
5 March 1943 Italy The strike at FIAT that marked the beginning of the end for Mussolini starts. Within a week over 100,000 workers were on strike and the armed resistance had begun. For more information
6 March 1925 Canada Nova Scotia coal miners shut down the mines after the British Empire Steel Corporation refuses to continue contract negotiations and cuts off credit at company stores. It is the beginning of an historic five-month strike. For more information
6 March 1964 Guyana Kowsilla, a striking sugarcane worker was killed by a scab, and others badly injured. The British Tate sugar company was using African scabs to try to break a national strike of predominantly Asian workers
6 March 1964 Guyana Kowsilla, a striking sugarcane worker was killed in Guyana by a scab, and others badly injured. The British Tate sugar company was using African scabs to try to break a national strike of predominantly Asian workers.
6 March 1912 Australia The Brisbane general strike officially ends after employers agree strikers will not face victimisation
6 March 1913 United States of America Joe Hill's song "There is Power in a Union" first appeared in the @_IWW union's Little Red Song Book. For more information
7 March 1997 France All auto workers strike in Belgium + Eurostrike at Renault (France, Spain) following Vilvoorde factory closure announcement
7 March 1921 Russia Bolshevik Red Army attacks Kronstadt Commune - workers and sailors who first started the Russian revolution hold out 12 days For more information
7 March 1917 Russia Workers at the Putilov steel plant announce a strike. It is the beginning of what will become the February Revolution, leading to the fall of the Tsar.
7 March 1978 Canada Women workers begin a 23-week strike for a first contract at a small auto parts plant in Centralia, Ontario. The Fleck workers' militancy wins wide support and shows the need for reforms in labour law. For more information
7 March 1932 United States of America Unemployed workers stage a hunger march to the Ford complex at Dearborn, demanding workers be rehired. Police shoot at the demonstration, killing 4 and injuring 60
8 March 1980 Canada In Hamilton, Ontario, an International Women's Day rally features the Women Back Into Stelco campaign. A human rights complaint by five women forces a major steel company to change their hiring practices. For more information
8 March 1942 United States of America Lucy Parsons, founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), and powerful orator for women, working people, and political prisoners died. For more information
8 March 1905 Spain Dolores Prat Coll was born in Catalonia to a poor family. She became a prominent militant in the CNT and helped organize worker-controlled industry during the Spanish revolution. She remained active until her death in 2001.
8 March 1926 United States of America Fur & Leather Workers Union (mostly women) went on strike in NYC, enduring beatings by police. They won a 10% raise and a five-day week.
8 March 1917 Russia There are mass rallies and meetings in Petrograd to mark International Women's Day. Women visit surrounding factories, bringing 50,000 workers out on strike. The February Revolution is under way.
9 March 1910 United States of America Westmoreland County Coal strikes begins, ending in 1911. It is known as the 'Slovak strike', as 70% of the miners are Slovakian. 16 people are killed.
9 March 1906 Canada Mineworkers in the Lethbridge, Alberta district go on strike against poverty wages and are met by scabs, police and private detectives. They win a small wage increase with the help of a mediator, but the company refuses to recognize the union. For more information
9 March 1952 Russia Alexandra Kollontai, Russian Marxist revolutionary, dies.
10 March 1957 Canada Copper miners at Murdochville, Quebec launch a strike for union recognition. The unsuccessful struggle lasts seven months and the courts award Noranda Mines $1.5 million in damages, to be paid by the United Steelworkers. For more information
10 March 1919 Germany Leo Jogiches, Polish-German socialist and co-founder of the German Communist Party, is arrested and executed as he investigates the murder of his comrades Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.
10 March 1906 France The Catastrophe de Courrières. It was a mining disaster killing 1060 workers and sparking a 55 day strike, which was eventually crushed by the French Army.
11 March 1811 United Kingdom Luddites smash 63 “labor saving” textile machines near Nottingham, England
11 March 1919 United Kingdom The start of the strike and mutiny of British troops stationed in Calais, France after World War I which won concessions and help speed up demobilisation.
11 March 1950 United States of America TWU members at American Airlines win 11-day national strike, gaining what the union says was the first severance pay clause in industry.
11 March 1811 United Kingdom Luddites smash up textile machines near Nottingham. For more information
11 March 1883 Germany Paul Levi, German socialist and revolutionary, is born in Hechingen.
11 March 2014 UK Bob Crow - RMT leader died For more information
12 March 1912 United States of America The Bread and Roses strikers won all their demands. The strike was organized by mostly women workers and the Industrial Workers of the World and included 20,000 workers.
12 March 2012 Canada Union organizer and feminist Madeleine Parent, born in Montreal in 1918, dies at age 93 after a lifetime of service to the organization of workers and the cause of social justice. For more information
12 March 1951 Spain 300,000 workers stage general strike in Barcelona #Spain to protest grievances with the Franco dictatorship. Troops were deployed and thousands arrested but the strike encouraged workers struggles across the region.
12 March 1929 United States of America Lupe Anguiano, women's rights activist and labour organizer, is born. For more information
13 March 1830 United States of America The term “rat,” referring to a worker who betrays fellow workers, first appears in print in the New York Daily Sentinel
13 March 1919 Canada In Calgary, Alberta, the Western Canadian Labour Conference calls for sweeping political and economic changes, including abolition of production for profit and the organization of workers on industrial lines. They adopt the name One Big Union. For more information
13 March 2012 Bolivia Domitila Chúngara, Bolivian socialist, feminist & labour organiser died aged 74. Began her activism when her husband, a tin miner, was imprisoned for striking. She was arrested many times and eventually exiled.
13 March 1920 Germany After the Kapp Putsch and calls for a general strike by the SPD, workers of the anarcho-syndicalist FAUD formed a council and took control of Sömmerda, Germany. Troops killed 23 and arrested 180 before retaking the town.
14 March 1883 Global Karl Marx dies in London UK at age 64. For more information
14 March 2017 Spain Joaquina Dorado Pita, Spanish wood workers' union militant who participated in the colectivization of the industry in the revolution and member of the anti-Franco underground, died in Barcelona just short of her 100th birthday.
17 March 1960 Canada Five Italian immigrant workers die in an underground tunnel at a watermain construction project in suburban Toronto. The Hoggs Hollow Disaster draws public attention to the unsafe conditions in construction and the exploitation of immigrant workers. For more information
18 March 1834 United Kingdom The Tolpuddle Martyrs were banished to Australia. For more information
18 March 1937 United States of America New York City police arrested striking Woolworth's store clerks - mostly women - who had occupied stores demanding a 40-hour workweek. For more information
19 March 1919 India Ahmedabad mill workers, with help from Gandhi, win a 35% pay rise after 25 days of strike action
21 March 1857 Australia Trade unionist and suffragist Alice Henry is born in Melbourne. For more information
25 March 2006 Canada An accounting instructor dies from injuries received on the picket line at Centennial College in Toronto during a province-wide strike. John Stammers, 62, was a member of the Ontario Public Service Employees Union. For more information
27 March 1912 Canada Thousands of workers start to walk out of railway construction camps on the Fraser River in British Columbia in a strike led by the Industrial Workers of the World. When Joe Hill visits, he writes a song for the Wobbly song book. For more information
27 March 1933 Ireland Mobs inspired by priests attack Connolly House and other buildings housing leftwing organisations in Dublin. For more information
27 March 1984 New Zealand Caretaker Ernie Abbott died is the bombing of the Wellington Trades Hall in a bitterly divided political landscape scarred by anti-unionism. For more information
31 March 1949 Canada The Canadian Seamen's Union launches a strike to defend union contracts. Shipping companies and Canadian authorities collaborate with the Seafarers' International Union to drive out the CSU. For more information
31 March 1927 United States of America Cesar Chavez, Mexican-American labour leader, is born. For more information
31 March 2004 Canada Bill C-45 comes into force, amending the Criminal Code to impose penalties on corporations and managers for violations causing workplace injuries or death. It is named the Westray Bill after the 1992 mine disaster. For more information
1 April 1882 Egypt Charcoal workers on the Suez Canal went on strike, in the first recorded strike in the modern history of the country.
2 April 1874 Australia Workers at Moonta Mines begin a two-week strike that successfully prevents their wages being cut by maangement. For more information
2 April 1920 Germany Military forces began assault against the workers' uprising in the Ruhr, Germany. The Social Democrats sent troops, including proto-fascists who tried to overthrow them like the Freikorps, to massacre workers, killing at least 1000.
2 April 1976 Fiji Oil workers strike against 3 companies begins. The union was seeking a $1.31/hour wage rate. For more information
3 April 1885 Russia Yakov Sverdlov is born in Nizhny Novgorod. He will become a leading Bolshevik revolutionary and first chairman of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets
3 April 1920 Germany The KAPD (Communist Workers' Party of Germany) was formed. In contrast to the KPD (the official Communist Party), which tried to get into government, the KAPD stood for direct action under the control of workers themselves.
5 April 1844 United Kingdom Miners in Northumberland and Durham held a mass meeting with up to 40,000 in attendance and went on strike for better conditions and equal pay across different mines. It lasted 20 weeks and was the biggest UK strike to that date.
5 April 1975 Fiji 350 airport workers refuse to service Air Pacific planes in solidarity with striking airline employees. For more information
6 April 1912 UK After 37 days, Britain's first national coalmining strike ends. It results in the passage of the Coal Mines (Minimum Wage) Act.
6 April 1912 UK After 37 days, Britain's first national coalmining strike ends. It results in the passage of the Coal Mines (Minimum Wage) Act. For more information
6 April 2011 Gabon End of a successful four day oil workers strike to prevent foreign workers working in the industry without permits. For more information
6 April 2008 Egypt Textile workers in Mahalla strike, kicking-off the revolution against the Mubarak regime. For more information
6 April 1980 Canada The Canadian Farmworkers Union holds its Founding Convention at Douglas College and delegates elect FWOC President Raj Chouhan as CFU president. The CFU is Canada's first agricultural workers union. For more information
7 April 1919 Germany Workers' councils declared the Bavarian Council Republic in Germany. However troops sent by the Social Democratic government crushed the rebellion at the end of the month, killing hundreds.
7 April 1943 Cuba The Central de Trabajadores de Cuba is legalized after having been underground or semi-legal for almost 20 years.
8 April 1937 Canada In Oshawa, Ontario, 4,000 workers go on strike at the General Motors plant for recognition of the United Auto Workers. They win major concessions, and the strike is often considered the birth of industrial unionism in Canada. For more information
8 April 1958 Barbados A wildcat strike at 2 sugar plantations starts. It soon spreads and becomes national. For more information
9 April 1987 Spain 8000 workers blocked a major road in Cadiz, Spain, as part of a militant and successful fight against the privatisation of the Puerto Real shipyards.
10 April 1919 Ireland Union militant and IRA volunteer Robert Byrne was buried in Limerick. His funeral became a grand show of defiance with over 10,000 people joining the cortege. Later a general strike and soviet was declared
10 April 1932 Russia Thousands of mostly women mill workers joined a strike against the reduction in rations.
10 April 2006 France Following mass protests by workers and young people across France, the regressive CPE law was repealed. Had the law passed, it would have allowed employers to fire any workers below the age of 26 without giving any reason or notice.
10 April 1908 USA Scabs arrive to help the management of Pensacola's streetcar system. Violence erupts and the mayor sets up curfew, prevents public gatherings, and calls in State militia troops. Over the next few weeks, the strike is broken. For more information
10 April 1911 Peru A general strike erupted in Lima. The stoppage broke out in support of a walkout of 500 workers at a cotton mill who wanted better pay, no night shift and a reduction of the working day from 13 to 10 hours. They won.
10 April 1930 United States of America Dolores Huerta, Mexican-American labour leader, is born. For more information
10 April 1984 UK The House of Commons meets for an emergency debate on the role of police in the miners strike, For more information
11 April 1934 United States of America Frank Norman is murdered by the Ku Klux Klan for organising citrus workers irrespective of their race.
11 April 1972 Canada More than 200,000 public sector workers, organized in the Québec Common Front, begin a ten-day strike. Three leaders are jailed, but the Common Front ultimately succeeds in winning a $100 minimum weekly wage for public employees. For more information
11 April 1974 United States of America United Mine Workers President W. A. “Tony” Boyle is found guilty of first-degree murder, for ordering the 1969 assassination of union reformer Joseph A. “Jock” Yablonski. Yablonski, his wife and daughter were murdered on December 30, 1969.
12 April 1927 China Kuomintang forces, under the direction of Chiang Kai-shek, massacre trade union militants and socialists in Shanghai.
12 April 1920 Ireland Unions launched a general strike in support of pro-independence prisoners who were on hunger strike in Mountjoy prison, Dublin. After two days, the British government caved and released all the prisoners.
12 April 1934 USA Toledo, Ohio Depression-Era Auto-Lite Strike. Beatings, tear gas, gun fire, and eventually 900 National Guardsmen with machine guns were involved. They evacuated thed the strikebreakers from the plant. For more information
14 April 1919 Ireland In Limerick, Ireland, a general strike was declared in protest against the declaration by the British military of a ‘Special Militarised Zone’ in the area. The general strike saw the creation of the short-lived Limerick Soviet.
14 April 1939 United States of America 'The Grapes of Wrath', John Steinbeck's classic novel about itinerant labor, strikes and the Great Depression, is published.
14 April 1816 Barbados A slave uprising known as Bussa’s rebellion, named after its leader, broke out on Easter Sunday night in Barbados. Slaves took advantage of the temporary freedom from work and the cover of permitted gathering for festivities.
14 April 1912 New Zealand The start of the Waihi Miners Strike, New Zealand. One of the country's most bitter disputes was to last six months. For more information
15 April 1856 UK Tom Mann, British syndicalist and a leader of the dock strikes in 1889 and 1911, is born For more information
15 April 1889 United States of America Birth of labour and civil rights leader A. Phillip Randolph For more information
15 April 1916 United States of America The newspaper of the Industrial Workers of the World union announced the formation of its Domestic Workers Union in Denver.
15 April 1973 United States of America housands of members of the United Farm Workers union walked out on strike. They were battling the Teamsters union over the right to represent farm workers. The dispute ended with victory for the UFW.
15 April 1903 Canada British Columbia union organizer Frank Rogers, a longshoreman, dies after he is shot while supporting clerical workers on strike against the Canadian Pacific Railway in Vancouver. For more information
16 April 1989 China The first student protest in Tiananmen Square occur as wreaths are laid in honour of Hu Yaobang
16 April 1913 Belgium the parliament of Belgium meets against the backdrop of a huge general strike for universal suffrage For more information
16 April 2010 Spain All professional footballers in Spain went on strike in support of colleagues who had not been paid by the football clubs which employed them.
16 April 1970 United States of America A white foreman at a Chrysler plant in Detroit threatened to murder a black worker. When the worker complained Chrysler sacked him. 1,000 workers, white and black, walked out on strike in protest until management backed down.
17 April 1920 Ireland Dockers in Dublin refused to load foodstuffs destined for England. The action helped relieve severe food shortages in Dublin, which had been dire since 1917, while huge quantities of food were shipped to Britain.
17 April 1944 United States of America Members of the militant machinists' union Lodge 68 in San Francisco began an overtime ban in pursuance of a new contract. They ended up fighting the employer, the government and even the Communist Party.
17 April 1912 Russia Tsarist troops shoot dozens of striking gold miners dead near the Lena River in Siberia For more information
18 April 1872 Canada Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald announces a Trade Union Act stating that unions are legal. This is two days after leaders of the Toronto printers, with strong public support in their strike for a nine-hour day, are arrested for common conspiracy. For more information
18 April 1872 Canada The first issue of the Ontario Workman appears, with the slogan “The equalization of all elements of society in the social scale should be the true aim of civilization.” It also publishes an excerpt on "the normal working day" from Karl Marx's Capital. For more information
19 April 1968 Italy While 6,000 textile workers were on strike in Valdagno, scabs were snuck into the factory under police protection. Strikers fought 1000 police and toppled the bronze statue of the factory’s founder.
19 April 1974 Canada In a targeted campaign for pay equity, postal workers begin a seven-day illegal strike that wins women postal code machine operators the same pay as male postal clerks. For more information
19 April 2003 Nigeria Striking workers occupy 4 offshore oil rigs.
19 April 1889 Argentina Feminist and worker activist Juana Rouco Buela was born in Spain. Moving to Buenos Aires, she organised female sugar workers, took part in tenants' and workers' strikes, was deported but returned and never gave up.
20 April 1914 USA Ludow Massacre: Miners in southern Colorado strike for better working conditions, higher wages, and a union in months-long labor struggle. John D. Rockefeller calls in Naitonal Guard. Day-long battle left several dead, including women and children. For more information
20 April 1914 USA Ludlow Massacre: Dozens of coal miners die as thousands in southeast Colorado strike. For more information
20 April 1914 United States of America As many as 25 miners and family members, including women and children, are massacred by company guards during a strike in Ludlow, Colorado. For more information
20 April 1914 USA Ludow Massacre in southern Colorado, one of the deadliest attacks against striking workers in U. S. history. Tent colony of displaced strikers and their families beaten and fired upon by Natl Guard and private agency. Two dozen men, women, children killed. For more information
21 April 1920 United States of America The Anaconda Road massacre took place in Butte, Montana, when mine guards employed by the Anaconda company shot 17 striking miners, killing one. All were shot in the back as they tried to flee. No one was charged for the killing.
21 April 1894 United States of America A nationwide strike of coal miners against pay cuts began. 145,000 miners walked out, and despite violent repression and facing starvation they held out for weeks and won some concessions.
21 April 1834 United Kingdom 30,000 marched for the freedom of the Tolpuddle Martyrs, agricultural workers from the Dorset town of Tolpuddle who were transported to Australia as punishment for their trade unionism.
21 April 1967 United States of America New York Governor Rockefeller signs the Taylor Law, allowing unions in the public sector, but banning strikes. For more information
21 April 1856 Australia A day long strike by Melbourne stonemasons wins the enforcement of the eight hour day.
21 April 2007 Egypt 150 garment workers, mostly women, occupied the Mansoura-España textile factory in Egypt against job losses and unpaid wages. The workers held out for 2 months against bosses and the 'official' union, winning concessions.
22 April 1870 Russia Birth of Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin.
23 April 1914 UK First publication of the classic socialist novel 'The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists' For more information
23 April 1918 Ireland A massive general strike was held in Ireland in protest at the threat of conscription to the UK army, shutting down the country. Conscription was introduced but not one person was actually conscripted.
23 April 1956 Canada More than 1600 delegates attend the founding convention of the Canadian Labour Congress, a merger of the Trades and Labour Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labour. They call for a national health plan, full employment and a guaranteed annual wage. For more information
23 April 1938 Jamaica The Poor Man's Improvement and Land Settlement Association presents its petition to the Governor of the island, protesting "landlords who are sucking out our vitalities." For more information
24 April 1999 United States of America The ILWU halts shipping on the West Coast in solidarity with Mumia Abu-Jamal.
24 April 1919 USA General strike in Linton, IN. New HomeTelephone operator "girls" put down their headsets demanding wage increases and union recognition. National Guard was sent in, and there was violence, but Lintoners supported the strikers who got their union. For more information
25 April 1912 United Kingdom 284 firemen on RMS Olympic – sister ship to the Titanic – were on strike in protest at unseaworthy lifeboats. Bosses brought in scabs, but then sailors mutinied. 54 were arrested and tried for mutiny, but weren't punished due to public support.
25 April 2013 Bangladesh 100,000s of garment workers walked out in protest of the previous day's building collapse which killed over 1,000. They barricaded roads, fought police and attacked factories, shops and garment bosses' HQ.
25 April 1945 Italy Milan and Turin were liberated from fascism following a workers uprising and general strike. Though other towns and cities were liberated before and after, this date was immortalised in the annual Liberation Day celebrations.
25 April 1826 United Kingdom A "mob" met at Henfield, near Blackburn/Burnley in the UK, and smashed every power loom within 6 miles, protesting against poverty and low wages.
26 April 1998 Ireland A monument to Jim Connell, writer of 'The Red Flag', is unveiled in the village of Crossakiel. For more information
26 April 1797 United Kingdom Sailors on 15 Royal Navy ships in Plymouth joined a mutiny which began two weeks before in Spithead, near Portsmouth demanding better pay and conditions. Eventually the men won most of their demands.
26 April 1885 Italy Textile union leader Giuditta Zanella was born in Italy. Took part in 1920 factory occupations then moved to Spain and fought in the Durruti Column.
26 April 1918 Canada After years of agitation by reformers and unions, the New Brunswick Workmen’s Compensation Act receives Royal Assent. For more information
27 April 1998 Denmark A general strike in the private sector broke out, involving a fifth of the country's workforce.
27 April 1894 Ireland The founding conference of the Irish Trade Union Congress gets underway at the Trades Hall in Dublin.
27 April 1934 Chile The FOCH union federation headquarters in Santiago, Chile was attacked by police and bosses' militia. Seven workers and one child were murdered, with 200 workers badly injured.
27 April 1983 Canada As part of its anti-labour agenda, the Alberta government brings in legislation denying firefighters and healthcare workers the right to strike. For more information
27 April 1918 India The country's first labour union was born in the city of Chennai, then known as Madras, when workers of Buckingham and Carnatic Mills formed the Madras Labour Union. For more information
28 April 1984 Canada The Canadian Labour Congress establishes the first National Day of Mourning for workers killed or injured on the job. The idea of a Workers' Memorial Day is adopted by more than 100 countries around the world. For more information
28 April 1969 Japan Students and striking workers took to the streets of Tokyo, engaging in running battles with police and erecting barricades, creating an 800-metre area which they dubbed the ‘Ginza Liberated Area’.
28 April 1826 United Kingdom Weavers protesting for better wages were cleared from the streets by troops in Manchester.
29 April 1903 Canada A sudden rock slide at Turtle Mountain kills more than 76 men, women and children in and around the town of Frank in the Crowsnest Pass. From inside the mine, 17 coal miners dig their way to safety. For more information
29 April 1903 Canada After the militia are called out to patrol the docks, thousands of people rally to support striking longshoremen in Montréal. They win wage increases and recognition of the International Longshoremen’s Association. For more information
29 April 1938 Jamaica 1000 labourers working on the construction of a large sugar factory on the Frome estate in Jamaica went on strike for more pay. It triggered a wave of strikes across the island which faced heavy repression from British police.
30 April 1963 United Kingdom A boycott was launched of buses in Bristol, England, by a group of West Indian workers in protest at the bar on black and Asian workers working on buses in the city by bosses and the union. Months later they won.
1 May 1906 Canada Socialists in Montréal organize Canada's first May Day demonstration. The following year ten thousand people assemble in the Champs de Mars before the crowd is dispersed by police. For more information
1 May 1891 France The Fusillade de Fourmies took place during the first French celebration of International Workers' Day when troops fired on peaceful strikers, killing 9 including Marie Blondeau and wounding 35.
1 May 1963 United Kingdom Students from Bristol University marched to the bus station and to the HQ of the TGWU union, in protest at the union's bar on black and Asian workers being employed in bus crews. They were heckled by white workers.
1 May 1986 Canada Shirley Carr becomes the first woman president of the Canadian Labour Congress. A coal miner's daughter who became a member of the Canadian Union of Public Employees, she is also the first CLC president from a public sector union. For more information
1 May 1903 Philippines he first May Day demo took place in the #Philippines organised by the Unión Obrera Democrática Filipina, the country's first true labour union which formed the previous year. In 1908, the government agreed to designate 1 May Labour day For more information
1 May 1973 United Kingdom 1.6 million workers joined a one-day strike called by the Trades Union Congress in protest at government pay restraint in the face of price rises. The railways, car industry, newspaper printing, mining and docks were most affected.
1 May 1889 Global May Day - the international workers' holiday. For more information
1 May 1946 Australia Eight hundred Aboriginal workers walk-off twenty-seven sheep stations in Western Australia, beginning the Pilbara strike that lasts until 1949. For more information
1 May 1923 India The country's first May Day celebration. For more information
1 May 1896 United States of America Between 300,000 to half a million workers went on strike and rallies were held throughout the United States, with the cry, "Eight-hour day with no cut in pay".
2 May 1843 United States of America "Mill girls" – overwhelmingly female textile workers – walked out on strike in Massachusetts for better conditions.
2 May 1952 Canada More than 1,000 retail employees, most of them women, begin a strike at Dupuis Frères, a major department store in Montréal. It takes three months, but support for the new militancy among Catholic unions helps the workers win a collective agreement. For more information
2 May 1933 Germany Nazis occupy the headquarters, seize the funds, and imprison the leaders of two of Germany’s largest trade union federations; independent trade unions were abolished.
2 May 1968 United States of America 4,000 workers in the Hamtramck auto plant in Detroit walked out against speed up. Several black strikers met in a bar opposite and founded the Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement to organise black workers.
2 May 1919 Brazil A general strike of all different trades began in Sao Paulo.
3 May 1927 Australia The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) is founded For more information
3 May 1887 Canada British Columbia's worst mine disaster takes 150 lives after an explosion in a deep underground mine at Nanaimo. The casualties include 53 Chinese labourers, whose names were not recorded by the company. For more information
3 May 1986 United Kingdom Printworkers’ March for Jobs led 15,000 on a march to Wapping, London, during the lockout at Rupert Murdoch's News International.
4 May 1886 United States of America A bomb is thrown during a demonstration against police violence in Haymarket Square, Chicago. The ensuing police riot and trials of anarchists, known as the Haymarket affair, eventually give birth to May Day as international workers' day. For more information
4 May 1919 Brazil 50,000 factory workers in Rio de Janeiro walked out for a maximum 8-hour working day and a 20% pay increase. In June workers in São Paulo joined them and by the following month they won their demands.
4 May 1886 USA On May 4, 1886, 2,000 union workers and anarchists gathered near Chicago’s Haymarket Square to rally for an 8-hr workday. It was disrupted by a bomb which initiated events leading to a controversial trial and police firing into a crowd of protesters. For more information
4 May 1926 UK For the first and so far only time in British history, the TUC calls millions of workers out in a general strike, in support of coal miners. For more information
5 May 1882 UK Sylvia Pankhurst, suffragette and revolutionary socialist, is born. For more information
5 May 1886 United States of America Nine striking workers are shot dead by the National Guard at the Rolling Mills Steel Factory in Bay View, Milwaukee For more information
5 May 1972 Canada Saskatchewan brings in an Occupational Health (and Safety) Act, considered the first of its kind in North America. It includes the right to information about workplace hazards, to participate in safety decisions and to refuse unsafe work. For more information
6 May 1937 United States of America Four hundred tobacco workers, earning just $3 per week, stage a walkout in Richmond, Virginia For more information
6 May 1935 United States of America The Works Progress Administration is established by executive order - it will provide work for millions of Americans. For more information
6 May 1937 USA 400 black female tobacco stemmers spontaneously went on strike at I.N. Vaughan in Richmond, Virginia. The women worked more than 80 hours a week for $3. They toiled in a cramped factory with tobacco dust coating their lungs. They won union recognition. For more information
7 May 1912 United States of America New York City waiters and waitresses walked out on strike
7 May 1974 United Kingdom Hundreds of mostly East African Asian women workers at Imperial Typewriters in Leicester were on unofficial strike against pay and conditions differentials with white workers.
7 May 1909 Argentina Striking workers in Buenos Aires win the release of political prisoners and the reinstatement of the right to hold union meetings. For more information
7 May 1857 Germany Clara Zetkin is born in the village of Wiederau, Saxony. She will go on to become a leading member of the Social Democrats and then German Communist Party, as well as organising the first ever International Women's Day.
7 May 1907 USA Bloody Tuesday: San Francisco streetcar drivers strike May 5. May 7, strikers and scabs attacked each other with bricks, guns, as United RR Co broke the strike for 8-hr day @ $3 per day using police armed with riot guns. For more information
8 May 1974 India A national railway strike begins. 1.7 million workers were involved in demanding higher wages and shorter working hours. Indira Gandhi’s government brutally suppressed the strike with 1000s being sent to jail and losing their jobs.
8 May 1926 United States of America A. Philip Randolph founds the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. For more information
8 May 1962 Belgium 9 million workers participate in a work stoppage to protest against nuclear arms
9 May 1935 Jamaica Port workers in Kingston refused to load the MV Costa Rica. One of their complaints was that they were not being paid for their lunch hour and demanded a settlement. They won their demands.
9 May 1936 Greece In Thessaloniki police and soldiers attacked a workers' demonstration during a general strike against police repression, killing 12. It sparked more resistance and eventually Metaxas declared a dictatorship.
9 May 1972 Canada Leaders of the Québec Common Front go to jail for defying back to work laws during the April general strike. More than 300,000 workers participate in work stoppages and occupations that bring the provincial government back to the bargaining table. For more information
9 May 1992 Canada An underground explosion takes the lives of 26 miners in Pictou County, Nova Scotia. A public inquiry into the Westray Disaster reports that workers were intimidated into ignoring safety hazards. For more information
9 May 1970 USA Labor leader Walter Reuther was killed in a plane crash on May 9, 1970. He was 62. He helped develop strategies, including the sit-down strike, that won major union contracts. For more information
9 May 1913 United States of America The garment workers strike at Cohoes could become an international incident after it emerges that Italian migrant workers are being forced to break the strike. For more information
9 May 1970 USA Walter and May Reuther were killed in a plane crash near Onoway, MIichigan. For more information
9 May 1926 United Kingdom The Roman Catholic Church declared the ongoing British general strike 'a sin'.
10 May 1920 UK Dockers refused to load arms shipments to be used by White armies in Russia.
11 May 1911 Uruguay A strike by streetcar workers rapidly develops into a general strike across Montevideo For more information
11 May 1894 USA Several thousand train workers started an unannounced strike at the Pullman Company in Illinois. Over the next few months, dozens of workers would die in strike-related violence. POTUS and SCOTUS would finally become involved in the strike’s outcome. For more information
11 May 1894 United States of America Three thousands Pullman railroad workers in Chicago begin a wildcat strike.
12 May 1902 United States of America John Mitchell of the UMWA cals for a national strike, beginning the Anthracite Coal Strike which will last five months. For more information
12 May 1916 Ireland Union leader James Connolly was executed for his part in the Easter Rebellion, an unsuccessful insurrection against British rule. As he was wounded in the fighting, he faced the firing squad tied to a chair.
12 May 1933 Italy Anti-fascist poet Virgilia d'Andrea, who had been involved in the mass factory occupations in 1920, died in New York.
13 May 1980 United States of America Douglas Fraser of the UAW becomes the first union representative on the board a major US corporation after Chystler's stockholders vote him on.
13 May 1935 Jamaica Workers loading bananas in Oracabessa went on strike, rioted, cut power lines and blocked roads to stop scabs. British colonial authorities sent in armed police to suppress the strike, but strikes spread.
13 May 1893 United States of America Western Federation of Miners formed in Butte, Montana.
13 May 1968 France 10 million workers began a general strike.
13 May 1968 France Workers join students in a million-strong march through Paris. For more information
13 May 1926 United Kingdom The British general strike was called off by the Trades Union Congress having achieved no concessions.
14 May 1968 France Workers at the Sud Aviation plant near Nantes begin a sit-down strike, becoming some of the first workers to join student protests. For more information
14 May 1940 Canada Emma Goldman, the veteran feminist, labour and anarchist organizer, dies in Toronto, Ontario. A memorial service is held at the Labor Lyceum on Spadina Avenue, but she is buried with the Haymarket martyrs in Chicago. For more information
14 May 1940 Canada Emma Goldman, the veteran feminist, anarchist and labour organizer, dies in Toronto, Ontario. A memorial service is held at the Labor Lyceum on Spadina Avenue. She is later buried in Chicago with the Haymarket martyrs. For more information
14 May 1931 Sweden In Adalen troops opened fire on a peaceful demonstration of striking workers, killing four and one bystander and wounding several others.
14 May 1771 UK Socialist philanthropist Robert Owen is born For more information
15 May 1525 Germany Insurgent peasants were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, ending the Peasant War, when workers and peasants demanded a “kingdom of heaven on earth”.
15 May 1946 United States of America 489 city workers in Rochester, NY were sacked for organising a union. They protested the next day, and sympathy strikes began, growing to a general strike, when bosses caved and reinstated the sacked workers.
15 May 1935 United States of America Folk singer, labor organiser and IWW member Utah Phillips is born.
15 May 1905 Australia The Merchant Service Guild of Australasia became the first trade union to be registered under the Australian Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1904
15 May 1919 Canada A general strike called by the Winnipeg Trades and Labour Council brings out 30,000 workers in support of the unions in the building and metal trades. The city comes to a standstill for six weeks in one of the major labour struggles in Canadian history. For more information
15 May 1919 Canada Winnipeg General Strike. For more information
15 May 1950 Kenya A general strike broke out in Nairobi. 100K walked out demanding the freedom of two jailed union leaders, and better pay and benefits. British authorities repressed the strike and it ended after 10 days.
16 May 2003 Iraq Iraqi Confederation of Trade Unions is formed
16 May 1920 Ireland Workers at Knocklong creamery in County Limerick declared a Soviet and established workers’ control of production. They hoisted a red flag and a tricolour and for 5 days ran it with the slogan “We make butter not profits”.
16 May 1934 United States of America Minneapolis Teamsters went on strike, shutting down almost all commercial transport in the city. The dispute lasted over three months, ending with most of the workers’ demands being met in a landmark win.
16 May 1966 United Kingdom Seamen across the UK walked out on a nationwide strike for the first time in half a century. Holding solid for seven weeks, they won a reduction in working hours from 56 to 48 per week.
16 May 1891 Australia Henry Lawson's poem 'Freedom on the Wallaby', written during the great sheep shearers' strike, is published in The Worker newspaper. For more information
16 May 1968 France The French general strike gathers pace as around fifty factories are occupied by their workers.
17 May 2010 China 1,900 workers at a Honda factory in Foshan, China, go on strike for equal pay with assembly plant workers. For more information
17 May 1946 United States of America The US govt seized the nation's railroads to stop a nationwide strike. Workers walked out anyway and only the President's threat to draft the strikers and call up the army to run the railroads forced them back to work.
17 May 1890 United Kingdom The biggest rally outside London to date for the 8-hour working day was held in Aberdeen, Scotland with 10,000 in attendance.
17 May 1968 France Thousands of students in Paris marched for a second day in a row from the Sorbonne University to the Renault plant occupied by its workers to support them.
18 May 1995 Ukraine Workers at a factory in Dnepropetrovsk walked out against non-payment of wages in March. By the end of the day they won, then continued the strike with new demands.
18 May 1980 Korea The workers of Gwangju, after robbing local armories and police stations, rose up against their brutal US-backed dictator, Chun Doo-hwan. Though bloodily crushed it helped ignite a chain of similar rebellions across Asia.
18 May 1928 United States of America "Big Bill" Haywood, former mineworker and founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World revolutionary union, dies in Moscow.
18 May 1942 Germany The Baum group, Jewish factory workers, broke into a Nazi anti-Soviet exhibition and set fire to it. In retaliation, the Gestapo rounded up all 30 members +500 others and executed them all.
18 May 1968 Senegal The Senegalese May 68 began when students began a "general strike" against a cut to student grants. Despite repression the movement grew and eventually culminated in a workers' general strike and won many concessions.
18 May 1941 Belgium The anti-Nazi 'Strike of the 100,000' ended. The Nazis were forced to grant an 8% pay increase, before arresting hundreds of strikers and sending many to the concentration camps.
18 May 1952 Canada The American singer and activist Paul Robeson performs for 40,000 people at a union-sponsored concert at the Peace Arch between Washington State and British Columbia. His passport had been revoked and he had been refused admission to Canada. For more information
19 May 1935 Jamaica 200 banana loaders employed by the United Fruit Company in the port in Kingston went on strike. British police later opened fire, wounding one woman but the strike spread.
19 May 1920 United States of America A gun battle between the people of Matewan and Baldwin Felts detectives leaves ten people dead. For more information
21 May 1911 Uruguay Streetcar workers in Uruguay return to work after winning some concessions, marking the beginning of the end of the general strike in Montevideo. For more information
21 May 1945 United States of America The US government took over the bituminous coal mines to try to break a six-week miners' strike. The miners held out, forcing the govt to grant workers' demands which had been unacceptable to the operators.
21 May 1968 France Workers and students formed a joint Workers-Students Action Committee to support an ongoing strike and occupation at Paris's Citroen auto plant.
21 May 1935 Jamaica Port workers in Falmouth went on strike. When the employers threatened to use strikebreakers, the strikers rioted. British police opened fire, killing one worker.
22 May 2003 Korea The Korean Government Employees Union, a public workers union, sticks to its previous plan to conduct a ballot on a strike desite government threats.
22 May 1942 United States of America In Cleveland the Steelworkers Organizing Committee voted to become a union: the United Steelworkers of America For more information
23 May 1935 Zambia Miners in Northern Rhodesia's booming copperbelt begin a series of strike actions For more information
25 May 1946 United States of America President Truman comes within three minutes of drafting the nation's railroad workers into the army to suppress a proposed strike, but the union leaders and employers settle just before the presiden't ultimatum comes into effect.
26 May 1937 United States of America UAW organisers are attacked and beaten by Ford security men in Dearborn, Michigan, in an incident which greatly increases support for the union. For more information
27 May 1919 Peru Students and workers join in a general strike in the city of San Marcos, for modernisation of the university system. For more information
27 May 1919 Peru Workers in Lima declared a general strike, against the high cost of living. The government eventually crushed the strike by killing at least 100 and wounding and jailing hundreds more.
27 May 1972 Nigeria The Nigerian Union of Teachers is formed.
27 May 1879 Italy Co-founder of the radical USI union, and anti-fascist militant Alberto Meschi was born.
28 May 1946 United States of America Workers in Rochester, New York, stage a successful one day general strike for the right to form unions. For more information
28 May 1994 Bermuda Striking hotel workers are forced back to work by a court injunction. For more information
28 May 1936 France 32,000 workers occupied the Renault plant in Paris. 100,000 more workers soon occupied every major engineering factory around the city. A strike wave swept the country, involving 2 million workers in 12,000 strikes and occupations.
28 May 1927 Canada The House of Commons approves a limited old age pension plan. To qualify, Canadians must be 70 years of age and pass a means test. Also, they must live in a participating province. For more information
29 May 1946 United States of America The Rochester general strike ended after just one day with victory for the workers. They won reinstatement for hundreds of city workers who had been sacked for forming a union, dropping of all charges, and recognition of the union.
29 May 1990 United States of America The Justice for Janitors strike of ISS cleaners in Los Angeles begins. For more information
29 May 1969 Argentina Auto worker Máximo Mena was shot and killed by police during a strike in Cordoba. The result was a wave of riots and demonstrations by workers and students which spelt the beginning of the end for the military government.
29 May 1941 United States of America Disney Studios animators in LA strike for union recognition. 16 were fired.
29 May 2002 Macedonia Striking public sector workers return to work after winning a minimum wage from the government. For more information
30 May 1984 UK Miners leader Arthur Scargill, along with 81 other pickets, is arrested at the Orgreave coking plant in South Yorkshire.
30 May 1937 United States of America Ten workers are shot dead by Chicago police during a strike at the Republic Steel Mill. For more information
30 May 1969 Curacao A workers' uprising began which eventually brought down the government. A mass strike shut down the economy, and widespread rioting broke out against low pay and race discrimination.
30 May 1915 United Kingdom Striking tram workers in London destroyed trams and attacked scabs in support of a war bonus. The employers sacked them all, but had to concede bonus anyway by August.
30 May 1968 Senegal Unions announced plans for an indefinite general strike in protest at police brutality against a student uprising. Despite police repression, workers held firm until the government caved in for a 15% increase in wages.
30 May 1925 China British-led police in Shanghai massacred 12 workers and students supporting a strike at a Japanese-owned cotton mill. The working class responded with a massive strike until being broken the following year by Chinese nationalists.
30 May 1937 USA Memorial Day Massacre: Police gunned down 10 fleeing steelworkers who had been striking for fair wages and safer working conditions at the Republic Steel mill on Chicago’s Southeast Side. It was filmed with newsreel cameras. For more information
31 May 1921 United States of America The Sacco and Vanzetti trial begins in Dedham, Massachusetts.
1 June 1919 Germany Rosa Luxemburg's body was found and identified after an autopsy at the Charité hospital in Berlin, five months after being murdered at the orders of the Social Democratic government and flung into Berlin's Landwehr Canal.
1 June 1987 Canada In British Columbia, 250,000 workers walk off the job in a one-day general strike against restrictive new labour laws introduced by the Social Credit government. The legislation was repealed when the New Democratic Party returned to power in 1992. For more information
1 June 1986 Canada In Edmonton, Alberta meatpacking workers go on strike against wage and pension rollbacks. One of their slogans is "Gainers makes weiners with scabs". There are more than 400 arrests before an agreement is reached in December. For more information
1 June 1831 United Kingdom The army is ordered to Merthyr Tydfil, Wales to end a popular working class rebellion against low wages and bailifs.
1 June 1975 France 100 sex workers occupied the church of Saint Nizier, Lyon, refusing to leave unless their convictions for soliciting were rescinded.
1 June 1914 Ireland Jim Larkin is elected president of the Irish TUC in the wake of the Dublin Lockout.
2 June 1975 France 100 sex workers occupied the church of Saint Nizier, Lyon, refusing to leave unless their convictions for soliciting were rescinded.
3 June 1935 Canada Hundreds of unemployed men board boxcars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning the historic On-to-Ottawa Trek to protest conditions in the relief camps run by the Department of National Defence. For more information
3 June 1900 United States of America The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union is founded in New York City. For more information
3 June 1885 Russia Yakov Sverdlov is born in Nizhny Novgorod. He will become a leading Bolshevik revolutionary and first chairman of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets
3 June 1977 India Police opened fire on a workers' demonstration, killing 12. Thousands of workers from the Bhilai Steel plant and mines had been demonstrating at the police station where strike leader Shankar Guha Niyogi was being held following his arrest.
3 June 2016 United States of America A federal judge ruled that women's soccer players could not go on strike, despite their collective bargaining agreement (which included a no-strike clause) having expired. The women were in dispute over pay discrimination.
4 June 2007 Iraq Workers begin a two-day strike which successfully delays the government's proposal to effectively privatise the country's oilfields. For more information
4 June 2012 United States of America When National Football League referees failed to agree to a new contract, which included big pension cuts, the NFL locked them out and began hiring scabs to replace them. Bosses came up with a revised offer which was agreed on 26 September.
4 June 1862 Spain Textile worker, feminist and one of the founders of the Spanish anarchist movement, Teresa Claramunt was born. Jailed several times and played a leading role in the 1911 Aragon general strike. When she died 50,000 workers went to her funeral.
4 June 1989 China The Chinese Army massacres thousands of student and workers demonstrating in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.
4 June 1912 United States of America Massachusetts becomes the first US state to establish a minimum wage
5 June 1974 Australia The New South Wales Builders Labourers Federation lists 49 'Green Bans' as part of its campaign of industrial action to protect the environment. For more information
5 June 1981 Philippines Workers held the first general strike after the end of martial law in the Bataan Export Processing Zone.
5 June 1868 Ireland Birth of James Connolly, Irish socialist and labour organiser, in Edinburgh. For more information
6 June 1968 France Workers largely returned to work following the May 68 uprising and mass strike, after winning big pay increases and reforms.
6 June 1988 South Africa A general strike was declared by black unions and anti-apartheid groups. Up to 3 million took part in the stoppage, in protest at the 2-year-old state of emergency restrictions on the right to strike. They held out against police shootings.
7 June 1972 Pakistan Protests by unions start in opposition to martial law that last all month. Dozens of workers are killed as the army suppresses strikes and occupations. For more information
7 June 1968 United Kingdom Women workers at Ford's Dagenham plant walked out on strike for equal pay with male workers. The strike was the key reason for the Equal Pay Act of 1970, although nominal pay equality at Ford was only achieved after a later strike in 1984.
7 June 1972 Pakistan Police opened fire into a crowd of strikers demanding backpay in Karachi, killing three and injuring dozens. The funeral procession was also attacked by police, workers responded with a mass strike across the city.
7 June 1968 United Kingdom Women workers at the Ford factory in Dagenham walked out on strike for equal pay with male workers. They eventually agreed to return to work after three weeks after being offered 92% of the men’s wages. For more information
7 June 1919 Malta 2,500 members of the Imperial Government Workers Union strike over wages then join the huge crowd demanding independence. Police kill 4.
8 June 2007 Canada The Supreme Court of Canada rules, in a 6 to 1 decision, that collective bargaining rights are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The decision describes collective bargaining rights as "a fundamental aspect of Canadian society." For more information
8 June 2017 United Kingdom Cleaners at the London School of Economics became the first outsourced workforce to force a university to bring them back in-house.
9 June 1865 United States of America Helen Marot, campaigner for working women, is born. For more information
9 June 1918 Ireland Women, organised by the Irish Women Workers' Union (IWWU), pledge not to "fill the places of men deprived of their work through enforced military service".
10 June 1918 South Africa African workers rallied in Johannesburg to protest the jailing of all 152 striking municipal workers. who had gone on strike for a shilling a day increase in pay. Radicals attempted to organise a general strike which was called off.
11 June 1913 United States of America Police shoot at maritime workers on strike at United Fruit Co. in New Orleans, killing one.
11 June 1973 Spain Workers in Pamplona defied Franco's dictatorship and went on strike. The stoppage spread across multiple industries and lasted a week.
11 June 1925 Canada Today is Davis Day in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, a memorial day for coal miner William Davis, who was shot and killed by company police during the struggle for control of the Waterford Lake power plant during the historic 1925 strike. For more information
12 June 1934 Canada Immigrant workers go on strike at the Noranda copper and gold mining operations in Québec, led by the Workers' Unity League. Strikebreakers are brought in, and there is no union contract until 1945. For more information
12 June 1904 United States of America Defying AFL's Samuel Gompers, 50,000 members of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen walk off their jobs. For more information
13 June 1977 UK Police arrest 84 workers on the first day of a week-long mass picket of the Grunwick plant in north west London.
14 June 1912 Canada Union leaders meet at the Lethbridge Labour Temple to establish the Alberta Federation of Labour. This is the beginning of the Federation’s long struggle for workers’ rights in Alberta. For more information
15 June 1872 Canada The Trade Union Act comes into force. This is the legislation promised by the prime minister in April in response to the campaign for shorter hours and the arrest of striking Toronto printers. The Act states that unions are legal in Canada. For more information
16 June 1886 Australia The Australian Workers Union, widely accepted as Australia's oldest union, was established at Fern's Hotel in Ballarat, Victoria, as a shearers' union For more information
16 June 1918 United States of America Railroad union leader and socialist Eugene Debs makes his famous speech against capitalism in Canton, OH, which will land him in jail. For more information
17 June 1953 Germany A strike by East German construction workers expands to include 50,000 anti-government demonstrators.
17 June 1958 Canada In Vancouver, British Columbia the Second Narrows Bridge collapses while under construction, and nineteen lives are lost. It is the city's worst industrial disaster. The bridge is now known as the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing. For more information
18 June 1984 UK Mass violence by police at the Orgreave coking plant in South Yorkshire. 93 miners are arrested, dozens injured. For more information
18 June 1935 Canada Longshoremen in Vancouver, many of them war veterans, march to protest the use of scabs to unload cargo on the docks. In a three-hour battle, police chase the strikers down on horseback and use tear gas to disperse the protest. For more information
19 June 1912 United States of America The eight-hour day is adopted for Federal employees
19 June 1914 Canada A coal mine explosion in the Crowsnest Pass at Hillcrest, Alberta takes the lives of 189 men, mostly immigrants. Canada's worst coal mine disaster leaves 90 widows and more than 250 orphans. For more information
19 June 1938 Canada Relief Project Workers' Union members occupying government buildings in Vancouver are evicted by police. A battle follows. For more information
20 June 1959 Canada A sudden violent storm on Miramichi Bay, New Brunswick sweeps away 35 men and boys. The Escuminac Disaster is commemorated at the local wharf by The Fishermen, a monument created by Acadian artist Claude Roussel For more information
20 June 1984 Canada An earthquake kills four workers at the Falconbridge mine near Sudbury Ontario. The day is marked by an annual union memorial service and calls for renewed attention to health, safety and emergency preparedness. For more information
20 June 1947 United States of America President Truman vetoes the anti-union Taft-Hartley Act, but his veto is overturned by Congress three days later. For more information
21 June 1881 Ukraine Dov Ber Borachov, pioneer of socialist-zionism, is born in Zolotonosha For more information
21 June 1919 Canada A silent parade to protest the arrest of leaders of the Winnipeg General Strike is attacked by the Royal Northwest Mounted Police and the special police hired by the city. Many are wounded, and two men lose their lives as a result of Bloody Saturday. For more information
22 June 1977 UK The first solidarity demo and mass picket supporting the Grunwick strikers is held For more information
23 June 1999 United States of America Workers at Fieldcrest Cannon textile plants in North Carolina vote for union recognition after a 25 year struggle
24 June 1929 Australia The six month timber workers strike ends in defeat as workers have to accept a 48 hour week.
25 June 1919 Canada The Strike Committee announces the end of the Winnipeg General Strike. For more information
26 June 1917 USA IWW miner strike in Bisbee, AZ. Strikers and others were deported from Bisbee by 2,000 vigilantes w/o food or water for 16 hours over 200 miles in cattle cars. For more information
26 June 1894 United States of America American Railway Union members begin to refuse to run trains including Pullman cars, until the strike at Pullmans is settled For more information
26 June 1894 USA Eugene V. Debs led American Railway Union boycott and eventual strike against trains carrying Pullman cars. Debs was imprisoned. For more information
27 June 1991 Canada The Supreme Court of Canada issues its decision in Lavigne v Ontario Public Service Employees Union, affirming the constitutional right of unions to spend money on social and political action to advance the interests of workers. For more information
27 June 1905 United States of America The Industrial Workers of the World, later popularly known as the Wobblies, is founded in Chicago with the aim of uniting all workers in One Big Union For more information
28 June 1903 Trinidad and Tobago Malcolm Nurse, better known as Pan-African socialist and trade unionist George Padmore, is born inTacarigua. For more information
29 June 1981 Canada The Canadian Union of Postal Workers begins a 42-day strike that succeeds in winning a contract with 17 weeks of maternity leave benefits. This breakthrough agreement sets a standard for other unions. For more information
29 June 1894 United States of America Over 125,000 workers on two dozen railroads have joined the boycott of Pullman cars
29 June 1928 India The South Indian Railway strike begins. The bosses respond with a lock-out and the colonial government unleashes severe, violent repression.
30 June 1918 United States of America Socialist anf labor leader Eugene Debs is arrested under the Espionage Act for making an anti-war speech in Canton, Ohio For more information
0 July 1943 France First issue of underground newspaper Arbeiter and Soldat printed by French Trotskyists and aimed at German soliders For more information
1 July 1943 France The first issue of underground newspaper Arbeiter und Soldat, produced by Trotskyists and aimed at German soldiers, appears For more information
1 July 1923 Canada Provincial police charge crowds at the steel plant in Sydney, Nova Scotia, where workers are on strike for union recognition. In the 1930s, memories of Bloody Sunday help lead to union recognition. For more information
1 July 1935 Canada In Regina, Saskatchewan, a rally in support of the On-to-Ottawa Trek of unemployed workers is attacked by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Two men are killed and 100 injured. The Dominion Day riot contributes to the defeat of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett. For more information
2 July 1986 Chile Chileans begin a general strike against Pinochet's military regime For more information
3 July 1892 Australia A 6,000 strong meeting calls for immediate strike action at Broken Hill as miners' previous agreements with employers expire. For more information
3 July 1979 Canada Longshoremen in Saint John, New Brunswick refuse to load heavy water for the military dictatorship in Argentina. The celebrated No Candu/Hot Cargo protest brings attention to the abuse of human rights and secures the release of several political prisoners. For more information
4 July 1881 Ukraine Dov Ber Borochov, founder of Labour Zionism, founding member of Poale Zion and pioneering Yiddish scholar, is born in Zolotonasha, Ukraine.
4 July 1840 United States of America Tenants in upstate New York issue a 'Declaration of Independence', beginning a five-year Anti-Rent War For more information
5 July 1934 United States of America Two strikers are killed fighting police, scabs, and the National Guard during the San Francisco longshoremen's strike
6 July 1892 United States of America Striking workers defeat and force the surrender of Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike in Pennsylvania For more information
7 July 1983 Canada British Columbia introduces 26 bills to cut public services and limit union rights. Operation Solidarity launches a province-wide mobilization, supported by a wider Solidarity Coalition. This takes the province to the verge of a general strike. For more information
8 July 1900 Canada First Nations, European and Japanese Canadian fishers on the Fraser River win a strike for a standard seasonal rate for their catch. It is the start of unionism in the British Columbia fishery, but a year later ethnic divisions lead to defeat. For more information
8 July 1966 United States of America The largest strike in aviation history begins, shutting down 60 per cent of the US airline industry for six weeks For more information
9 July 1793 Canada Black petitioners and abolitionist allies succeed in gaining a law to limit slavery in Upper Canada. The importation of additional slaves is prohibited, and the children of slaves are to be freed at 25 years of age. For more information
10 July 1902 United States of America 112 miners die in an explosion in the Rolling Mill Mine in Pennsylvania For more information
11 July 1962 Canada The road to universal health care reaches a turning point when Saskatchewan doctors fail to win public support for their strike against the implementation of medicare. Saskatchewan goes on to set the model for the rest of the country. For more information
11 July 1934 USA In the St Johns neighborhood of Portland, OR, picketing longshore workers blocked a train full of Porland police oficers. The police opened fire on the unarmed workers, four of whom were wounded. This became known as "Bloody Wednesday." For more information
11 July 1977 UK 20,000 join a national day of action in support of Grunwick strikers
12 July 1934 USA General Textile Strike of 1934 began. Workers at Dwight cotton textile mill in Gadsden, AL, walked out today in 1934. The strike was organized because workers were not receiving the pay raises they were promised, typical for workers in the South. For more information
12 July 1933 United States of America The Screen Actors Guild holds its first meeting. Among those attending: future horror movie star and union activist, Boris Karloff. For more information
13 July 1923 USA Carlos Cortez, US anarcho-syndicalist, poet, graphic artist, photographer, muralist and political activist is born. Cortez is perhaps best known for his wood and linoleum-cut graphics, and his cartoons for union newspaper the 'Industrial Worker'. For more information
14 July 1918 Canada Birth of Grace Hartman, who became the first woman to lead a national union in North America when she was elected President of CUPE in 1975. For more information
14 July 1946 Canada In Hamilton, Ontario, steelworkers take on the country's biggest steel producer in a crucial strike for union recognition. With strong community support, the steelworkers hold the line for almost three months to win an historic victory. For more information
15 July 1980 Sri Lanka Almost half a million workers strike over rising costs and stagnant wages. 40,000 are fired by the government. For more information
15 July 1959 United States of America Half a million steelworkers across the country strike for a pay increase in their new contract For more information
15 July 1946 Canada Steelworkers Local 1005 members walked off the job at Stelco, pressing for higher wages, a 40-hour work week and regular dues deduction. The bitter strike lasted for 81 days. For more information
16 July 1934 United States of America The San Francisco Labor Council calls a city-wide general strike in support of longshoremen, which succeeds in winning most of the workers' main demands after four days. For more information
16 July 1986 Australia The mining community of Moura was hit with disaster when a massive explosion at No. 4 mine claimed 12 lives. For more information
16 July 2005 Iran Co-oridnated strikes across Iran for a higher minimum wage bring many workers organisations together under the same demands For more information
17 July 1974 UK The strike of 400 mostly Asian women workers at Imperial Typewriters in Leicester is called to an end. For more information
18 July 2001 Argentina Workers bring much of the country's business activity to a halt with a nationwide strike prompted by government spending cuts.
18 July 2006 Zimbabwe Nearly 300 striking doctors ignore government demands for them to return to hospital wards, deepening a crisis in the African nation's health system which has seen qualified staff fleeing the country in droves for higher paid work.
18 July 1969 United States of America African American hopsital workers in South Carolina win union recognition after a 113-day strike For more information
19 July 1913 Ireland Businessman William Martin Murphy calls his workers to a meeting, where he warns they will be sacked if they join the ITGWU. For more information
19 July 1983 Canada Kamloops BCGEU members began a three-week occupation of the Tranquille Institution, after learning that the BC govt planned its closure. Workers took control of the facility.
19 July 1984 Ireland Irish retail workers begin a strike in support of the anti-apartheid movement, refusing to handle South African products. The strike goes on for two and a half years. For more information
20 July 1899 United States of America Newsboys in New York go on strike against press giants Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst For more information
21 July 1877 United States of America The government attempts to violently suppress the great railroad strike in Pennsylvania For more information
22 July 1916 United States of America A bomb was is set off during a parade in San Francisco, killing 10 and injuring 40. Labour organizer Tom Mooney,and Warren Billings, a shoe worker, were convicted of the crime, but both were pardoned 23 years later
23 July 1965 Canada Postal workers across the country begin a wildcat strike that leads to full union recognition and collective bargaining rights in the postal service. The Canadian Union of Postal Workers soon emerges as one of the most militant public sector unions. For more information
24 July 1941 Canada Thousands of workers in Arvida, Québec go on an illegal wartime strike and occupy the Alcan aluminium plant. The federal government claims enemy sabotage and sends troops. Work resumes while a settlement is negotiated. For more information
25 July 1917 Canada An early morning explosion at No. 12 colliery in New Waterford, Nova Scotia kills 65 men and boys in the worst single disaster in the Cape Breton coal mines. A grand jury later approves criminal charges against officials, but there are no convictions. For more information
25 July 1907 United States of America Trotskyist labor organizer and leader of the 1934 Minneapolis teamsters' strike Farrell Dobbs is born For more information
26 July 1877 United States of America Thirty workers are killed in the Battle of Halsted Street Viaduct during the railroad strike in Chicago. For more information
27 July 1918 Canada Ginger Goodwin, a union organizer and socialist, is shot and killed by a special constable in the woods near Cumberland, British Columbia. In Vancouver his shooting leads to the province's first one-day general strike. For more information
27 July 1917 Australia A mass meeting of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in Sydney votes to strike against the introduction of a time card system.
28 July 1932 Canada Three young boys die in an abandoned coal mine in Minto, New Brunswick. Two of the coal miners who come to their rescue also perish. The tragic event leads to the province's first mine safety legislation. For more information
29 July 1970 United States of America The United Farm Workers sign their first collective bargaining agreement with California grape growers For more information
30 July 1975 United States of America Teamsters leader Jimmy Hoffa disappears from a parking lot in Oakland County and is never seen again For more information
31 July 1961 Canada The founding convention of the New Party, soon to be the New Democratic Party, opens in Ottawa. Strongly supported by the Canadian Labour Congress, it replaces the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation. Saskatchewan premier Tommy Douglas is chosen as leader. For more information
1 August 1942 United States of America American Federation of Musicians strikes against recording companies over royalty payments, most settling within a year.
1 August 1977 Romania Start of Jiu Valley Miners’ Strike (ending pensions, raised retirement age, more). Workers “win”, but face repression.
1 August 1917 United States of America Frank H. Little, anti-war activist & IWW organiser is lynched in Butte, Montana. He was on IWW's Exec Board when he was killed.
1 August 2009 Canada At Voisey's Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador, United Steelworkers Local 9508 begins an 18-month strike against Vale Inco. The main issue is pay equity with workers at the multinational's other operations in Canada. For more information
1 August 1928 Canada Ten workers are killed in the collapse of a gate on the Welland Ship Canal. They are among the 137 men who died during the completion of this shipping link between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. For more information
1 August 1837 Ireland Baptism of Mary Harris “Mother” Jones (birthdate unknown). Labour organizer & cofounder of the Industrial Workers of the World.
1 August 1990 Australia Founding of the United Firefighters Union of Australia.
2 August 1917 Australia Members of engineering and rail unions across Sydney begin to strike against the time card system, with more workers taking unofficial action the next day.
2 August 1918 Canada In British Columbia, Vancouver workers go out on strike to protest the shooting of union organizer Ginger Goodwin on 27 July. This is often considered to be the first use of a general strike in Canadian history For more information
3 August 1981 United States of America The PATCO strike begins, effectively shutting down air travel in the US. 2 days later President Reagan fired 11,000 air traffic controllers and broke the union. For more information
3 August 1821 United States of America Uriah Smith Stephens born. A tailor, he led 9 garment workers in founding the Knights of Labor in 1869.
4 August 1997 United States of America 185,000 members of the Teamsters begin a successful 15-day strike at UPS. For more information
5 August 1842 United Kingdom Plug Plot Riots general strike starts with Staffordshire miners over wages, spreads through England & involves ½ million workers.
5 August 1895 United Kingdom Death of Friedrich Engels, lifelong friend & comrade of Marx, prolific author.
5 August 2011 Chile Copper miners at Escondida end a two-week strike. For more information
5 August 1981 United States of America President Reagan sacks 11000 federal air traffic controllers for striking and refusing his order to return to work.
6 August 1916 Malta Birth of Dom Mintoff, long-time leader of the Labour Party. For more information
6 August 1914 UK The Labour Leader, the newspaper of the Independent Labour Party, publishes an anti-war appeal to workers.
6 August 1977 Jamaica Alexander Bustamante, pioneer of the labour movement and former Prime Minister, dies. For more information
7 August 1890 United States of America Birth of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, IWW organiser and founder of the ACLU. For more information
7 August 1919 United States of America Actors Equity becomes a recognised union after stagehands honour actors' picket lines.
7 August 1894 United States of America Eugene Debs & three union leaders arrested following the Pullman strike.
8 August 1881 United States of America United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of America forms & becomes one of the largest trade unions in the US.
8 August 1956 Belgium A fire in the Bois du Cazier coal mine started at 08:10. Within hours 262 miners from 12 countries were dead.
8 August 1842 UK Thousands of mill and factory workers across Lancashire walk out in support of the People's Charter. For more information
8 August 1920 UK The country sees large 'citizen demonstrations' against intervention in Soviet Russia.
8 August 1995 Turkey 700,000 public sector workers stage one-day sit-in general strike for pay rises.
9 August 1890 United States of America Knights of Labor strike on the New York Central railroad; ends in defeat due to scab labour.
9 August 1917 Australia The number of workers on strike across Sydney increases to 45,000 when miners and longeshoremen join the action.
9 August 1920 UK The TUC and the Labour Party agree to move a resolution for a general strike if Britain declares war on Soviet Russia. For more information
10 August 1966 Canada Nine workers die and 55 are injured when a span on the Heron Bridge in Ottawa collapses during construction. Fifty years later, the bridge is renamed the Heron Road Workers Memorial Bridge. For more information
10 August 1935 United States of America Transport workers in New York descend on a courthouse with money from their own pockets to bail out Mike Quill, their president, arrested after attending a picket line.
10 August 1970 Canada Nova Scotia fishermen and supporters march across the Canso Causeway, holding up traffic on the Trans Canada Highway. Their seven-month strike wins them the right to a union, but the fish plants refuse to recognize the United Fishermen and Allied Workers. For more information
11 August 1923 Germany Berlin factory councils proclaim a general strike and call for national action during the German workers' uprising of 1923
11 August 1828 United States of America Workingmen’s Party, first US labour party, forms in Philadelphia.
11 August 1917 UK LAbour politician Arthur Henderson resigns from the war cabinet over its refusal to allow workers' representatives to attend the Stockholm peace conference. For more information
11 August 1933 Cuba A two-week general strike ends in victory when dictatorial President Machado flees the country. For more information
11 August 1894 United States of America Troops force 1200 jobless workers out of Washington, DC, including Jack London & Big Bill Haywood.
12 August 1994 North America Major League Baseball players go on strike. This will force the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
12 August 1842 United Kingdom The Preston Strike and Lune Street Riot in Lancashire, England against wage cuts and in support of the Chartists' demands.
12 August 1933 UK London taxi drivers go on strike against the wishes of their union. For more information
12 August 1909 Canada Freight handlers at Fort William, Ontario take part in a gun battle with Canadian Pacific Railway police. The seven-day strike is settled, but the CPR later fires most of its Greek and Italian immigrant workers. For more information
12 August 1907 Ireland Police kill two strikers on Falls Road in Belfast during dock strike that united Protestants and Catholics.
12 August 1917 Australia The Australian government informs the people, through the Sunday papers, that "The enemies of Britain and her Allies have succeeded in plunging Australia into a general strike."
13 August 1889 UK The beginning of the great dockers strike For more information
13 August 1946 South Africa Police open fire on and kill several black miners on a march to Johannesburg during a strike for pay parity. For more information
13 August 1842 United Kingdom Strike at Bayley’s cotton mill in Stalybridge spreads to Manchester & Preston, becomes first general strike.
14 August 1980 Poland Shipyard workers in Gdansk strike in protest over the dismissal of militant crane driver Anna Walentinowicz.
14 August 1917 Australia Seamen's Union Vice President W. Daly is arrested and charged with conspiracy to instigate an illegal strike.
15 August 1913 Ireland Dublin newspaper boys attack delivery vans after 40 of their colleagues are sacked for organising at the Irish Independent.
16 August 2012 South Africa South African police fire upon and kill 34 miners at Marikana. For more information
16 August 1946 India The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded. For more information
16 August 1819 UK Yeoman attack a crowd gathered in MAnchester to demand parliamentary reform, in what becomes known as the Peterloo Massacre. For more information
16 August 2005 Cameroon The government concedes healthcare and union rights to Camair workers in an attempt to head off a strike. For more information
16 August 1890 Australia Marine officers walk off their ships in strike action, soon followed by their crews.
17 August 1861 Australia Coal miners in NSW refuse 20% wage cut & walk out; locked out until October.
17 August 1918 United States of America 95 members of the IWW were jailed for resistance to the First World War.
18 August 1927 USA Radio station WEVD, named after Eugene V. Debs, goes on the air For more information
18 August 1927 United States of America Radio station WEVD - named for IWW labour leader Eugene V Debs – goes on the air in New York City.
18 August 2011 Brazil The 'Daisy' movement demanding better rights and conditions for rural women workers wins significant concessions from President Dilma Rousseff. For more information
18 August 1823 Guyana 30000+ slaves in former British colony Demerara (Guyana) launch an uprising as owners delayed on granting them freedom.
19 August 1989 Poland Solidarnosc activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki becomes the country's first non-Communist prime minister in 42 years. For more information
19 August 1909 United States of America IWW issues first edition of the “Little Red Song Book”.
19 August 1998 Canada The McDonald's in Squamish, British Columbia is the first outlet of the fast-food giant in North America to be unionized. The union fails to win a contract and in 1999 workers vote to decertify. For more information
20 August 1937 Canada Millworkers and longshoremen on the Miramichi River in New Brunswick strike for better wages and hours and for recognition of the New Brunswick Farmer-Labour Union. Their success helps bring about new labour laws in the province. For more information
20 August 1886 USA The short-lived National Labor Union was formed on this date and called for the 8-hour workday For more information
20 August 1948 Tanzania African Wharfage Company employees strike in Zanzibar City for higher wages. For more information
21 August 1968 Czech Republic Nonviolent resistance to the Soviet invasion begins when people in Upa block a road, forcing tanks to turn back. For more information
21 August 1831 United States of America Nat Turner's slave rebellion begins, Southampton County, Virginia, 56 slaves executed, 120 killed.
22 August 1791 Haiti Start of slave revolt in French colony of Saint-Domingue, which ended in the elimination of slavery there & founding of Haiti.
22 August 2010 Bangladesh Police attack a group of two thousand garment workers who are blocking a road in Dhaka to demand the payment of wages owed them. For more information
22 August 2005 Vanuatu Over 100 Air Vanuatu workers go on strike hoping to achieve arbitration for a proper collective agreement. For more information
22 August 1950 Canada More than 100,000 railway workers go on strike, shutting down the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific railway lines. A week later an emergency session of Parliament passes a law to end the strike, the first use of back-to-work legislation in Canada. For more information
23 August 1976 UK Fifty workers at the Grunwick film processing plant in north west London go on strike for the right to join a trade union. For more information
23 August 1970 United States of America Led by César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, largest farm worker strike in US history, begins. For more information
23 August 1966 Australia Two hundred Gurindji workers walk off their cattle station at Wave Hill, a strike that will last almost a decade and lead to the passage of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act. For more information
24 August 1917 Australia The government declares that the Strike Committee in Sydney shall be considered an illegal organisation.
25 August 1950 United States of America President Truman ordered the federal government to seize control of the railroads in order to prevent a planned strike by 1.7m union members. For more information
25 August 1968 Russia A small group of protesters gather in Red Square to show solidarity with the people of Czeckoslovakia facing a Soviet invasion. For more information
25 August 1925 United States of America The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, led by A. Phillip Randolph, is founded. For more information
26 August 1913 Ireland Members of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union in Dublin go on strike for union recognition. The response of the employers is a city-wide lock-out.
26 August 1894 Australia Striking shearers burn and destroy the steamship 'Rodney', which had been used to transport scabs on the Darling River. For more information
26 August 1913 Ireland The start of the Dublin Lockout as about 20,000 workers are locked-out by employers trying to break their union.
26 August 1935 United States of America United Auto Workers union founded.
27 August 2007 Chad Public sector employees call off their strike for higher wages after a campaign of intimidation and repression from the government. For more information
28 August 1844 France Karl Marx and Frederick Engels meet for the first time in person, 1844 at Café de la Régence on the Place du Palais in Paris.
28 August 1987 United States of America John Sayles's film “Matewan” about attempts to organise a union by coal miners is released.
28 August 1830 United Kingdom A threshing machine is destroyed at Lower Hardres, near Canterbury, England, usually taken as start of Captain Swing rebellion.
28 August 1913 Ireland Jim Larkin is arrested for 'seditious speaking' on the third day of the Dublin transport strike, but released later in the day.
29 August 1913 Ireland Jim Larkin burns a government proclamation banning public gatherings, in front of a meeting of 10,000 workers
29 August 1921 United States of America West Virginia miners marching to free their imprisoned comrades face state forces and private detectives in the five-day "Battle of Blair Mountain." For more information
29 August 1907 Canada Seventy-five men, many of them First Nations workers from Kahnawake, are killed in the collapse of a huge cantilever bridge under construction across the St. Lawrence River at Quebec City. Before the disaster, supervisors ignore flaws in the design. For more information
30 August 1913 Ireland Two workers, John Byrne and James Nolan, are beaten by police in separate attacks, and both die of their wounds in hospital. For more information
30 August 1913 Ireland James Connolly is sentenced to three months in prison for incitement, as the Dublin strike continues.
30 August 2007 Poland A Solidarnosc-led bus workers strike defeats the proposed privatisation of the service in the city of Kielce. For more information
30 August 1917 Australia First labour martyr Merv Flanagan shot and killed in Sydney during General Strike for yelling 'scab'. His murderer Reginald Wearne ( whose brother was a consevative MP) was never convicted. For more information
30 August 1907 Guatemala Luisa Moreno, labour organizer and immigrant rights activist, is born. For more information
31 August 2013 Canada A merger of the Canadian Auto Workers and the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers brings 300,000 members together in Unifor, now Canada's largest private sector union. There are high expectations for new organizing work, especially among young people. For more information
31 August 1890 Australia Up to 100,000 workers gather in Melbourne to support the sheep shearers' strike
31 August 2001 Canada A McDonald's restaurant in Montreal closes after the workers there organize and before a first contract is negotiated. This is later documented in the film Maxime, McDuff & McDo. For more information
31 August 1980 Poland Trade union Solidarity formed.
31 August 1939 United States of America Mexican-American women workers walkout at California Sanitary Canning Company, winning a union contract and wage increase.
31 August 1914 USA Members of United Mine Workers arrested in Colorado during ongoing coal strike For more information
31 August 1933 United States of America Italian-American labour organizer Giovanni Pippan murdered during organizing campaign of bread wagon drivers in Chicago.
31 August 1999 United States of America Detroit teachers start 9-day wildcat strike, winning "books, supplies, smaller class sizes" & 4% raise.
1 September 1881 United States of America William Z Foster born. Labour organizer, leader in Steel Strike of 1919.
1 September 1879 Canada Coal miners in Springhill, Nova Scotia organize Pioneer Lodge of the Provincial Miners' Association, later known as the Provincial Workmen's Association. Under the leadership of Robert Drummond, the PWA becomes an influential force in the province. For more information
1 September 1907 United States of America United Auto Workers president Walter Reuther born. “There is a direct relationship between breadbox & ballot box.”
2 September 1948 Tanzania The African Wharfage Company strike spreads into a general strike as others stop work. For more information
2 September 1976 UK All 137 Grumwick strikers are sacked by the company.
3 September 1913 Ireland Thousands attend the funeral of James Nolan, murdered by police, while hundreds of Dublin employers agree not to employ union members.
3 September 1894 Canada Labour Day is observed for the first time as a statutory public holiday, under a law introduced that year by the Conservative prime minister Sir John Thompson. For more information
3 September 1934 USA Textile workers strike against eleven plants in the South. Carolilnas governors call out National Guard with orders to "shoot to kill," ... which they do. For more information
3 September 2005 Tonga The government grants the demands of striking civil servants for 60-80% pay rises. For more information
4 September 1934 United States of America 400,000 textile workers start largest strike at the time through most of the US East Coast over wage cuts and speed-ups.
4 September 1936 Spain Francisco Largo Caballero, trade unionist & leader of PSOE & UGT, elected Prime Minister during Spanish Civil War.
5 September 1917 United States of America The Palmer Raids: federal agents seize records & arrest 100s involved with the IWW, including Big Bill Haywood.
5 September 1882 USA NYC hosts first Labor Day parade; becomes the first Monday in September. For more information
6 September 2014 Italy Strike by air traffic controllers leads to cancellation of many flights and "major disruption".
6 September 1934 USA "Boody Thursday," part of Nat'l Textile Workers-called General Strike at Chiquola Mill, South Carolina. Seven protestors shot in the back by mill-owner's machine gun. For more information
7 September 2012 Germany Cabin crew at Lufthansa strike over pay and contracts for temporary crew.
7 September 1913 Ireland James Connolly begins a hunger-strike in protest at his imprisonment during the Dublin Lockout, he was released as a result.
8 September 1886 Canada The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Saskatchewan Division No. 322, is formed in Medicine Hat. It is the first union chartered in what later becomes Alberta.
9 September 1991 Canada More than 100,000 members of the Public Service Alliance of Canada launch a general strike to defend job security for federal public service workers. For more information
9 September 1890 United States of America Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of America created at a convention in Topeka, Kansas. For more information
10 September 1917 Australia Mass meetings of Sydney railway workers express outrage at the unions' capitulation to the government's terms, but nevertheless a return to work from the general strike begins.
10 September 1892 Australia The first train of contractors brought in to scab during the Broken Hill miners' strike arrives and is met with hostility from local men and women.
10 September 1897 United States of America Nineteen immigrant coalminers are shot in the back and killed by deputies in Lattimer, Pennsylvania. For more information
10 September 1897 United States of America Nineteen unarmed immigrant miners are shot dead by a sheriff's posse in Lattimer, Pennsylvania. For more information
11 September 1860 UK Dockers union leader Ben Tillett was born For more information
11 September 1916 Canada A second disaster strikes the huge cantilever bridge under construction at Quebec City. Another 13 lives are lost in addition to the 75 deaths in the first collapse in 1907. The bridge, completed in 1917, is still standing today. For more information
12 September 1913 Ireland Birth of Eugene Downing, Irish Communist who fought with the International Brigades in Spain. For more information
12 September 1969 Argentina Rosariazo movement begins with indefinite strike. Factories occupied in Córdoba & uprising in Cipolletti, Río Negro
12 September 1945 Canada In Windsor, Ontario, the United Auto Workers begin their historic strike against the Ford Motor Company. It lasts for 99 days and leads to the Rand Formula for union security. For more information
12 September 2012 Pakistan 314 garment workers die the same day in 2 factory fires. For more information
13 September 1913 Ireland James Connolly is released from prison after a four-day hunger strike during the Dublin Lockout.
15 September 1913 UK Over 10,000 English railwaymen refuse to handle Dublin goods in an official sympathy strike with locked-out Irish workers.
15 September 1978 Canada Workers at International Nickel in Sudbury, Ontario go on strike against pay cuts and layoffs. With strong community support, in June 1979 the 10,000 miners win a victory that includes improved pension benefits. For more information
15 September 1933 Canada A general strike begins in the factories in Stratford, Ontario and spreads across the city. Troops and armoured cars are called out. For more information
16 September 1945 USA 43,000 oil workers went on strike in 20 states For more information
16 September 1912 Canada Vancouver Island coal miners begin what becomes a two-year strike for workplace safety and union recognition. To defeat the miners' union, the companies bring in strikebreakers and the province calls out the militia. For more information
16 September 2004 United States of America The Farm Labor Organizing Committee wins a collective agreement with Mt. Olive Pickle Company on farms in North Carolina after a five-year struggle. For more information
16 September 1913 Canada The New Brunswick Federation of Labour is organized at Saint John, New Brunswick. Today it is the provincial federation in Canada with the second longest continuous history. For more information
17 September 2011 United States of America Occupy Wall Street movement is launched with a march in New York City.
17 September 1871 Global International Workingmen’s Association begins conference in London, though attendance disrupted by Franco-Prussian war.
18 September 1903 Ireland James Connolly emigrates to America, where he will become an organiser for the Industrial Workers of the World before returning to Ireland in 1910.
19 September 1981 United States of America More than 400,000 unionists march in Solidarity Day demo in Washington, DC, for sacked striking air traffic controllers.
20 September 1986 Namibia Namibian Food & Allied Workers Union founded; led originally by political prisoner John Pendeni
22 September 2006 United States of America Domino's Pizza workers in Pensacola, Florida form the first union of pizza delivery drivers.
22 September 1919 United States of America A steel strike, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across US.
23 September 1873 Canada The Canadian Labour Union is founded in Toronto. This first attempt to organize a Canadian labour central finds limited support, mainly from skilled workers in Ontario. For more information
23 September 1886 United States of America A coalition of Knights of Labor and trade unionists in Chicago launch the United Labor party, calling for an 8-hour day, government ownership of telegraph and telephone companies, and monetary and land reform.
24 September 1963 Canada The Canadian Union of Public Employees, now Canada's largest union, is founded in Winnipeg through a merger of two earlier organizations. The union goes on to break new ground in building the labour movement. For more information
25 September 1995 Canada Unions supporting the Liverpool Dockers Solidarity Campaign participate in national actions using the internet. This is believed to be the first time the net was used to organize an international labour solidarity action. For more information
26 September 1903 United States of America The Old 97, a Southern Railway train officially known as the Fast Mail, derails near Danville, Va., killing engineer Joseph “Steve” Broady and ten other railroad and postal workers. Many believe Broady had been ordered to speed to make up for lost tim
26 September 1888 Canada Canada's first independent labour Member of Parliament is returned in a by-election in Montréal. A printer by trade, Alphonse-Télésphore Lépine is a leading figure in the Montréal Trades and Labour Council and the Knights of Labor. For more information
27 September 1913 Ireland The SS Hare sails into Dublin with food supplies for the locked-out workers. It flies the colours of the National Transport Workers Federation. For more information
28 September 1995 UK Liverpool dockers are locked out by their employer, sparking a two-year struggle for their jobs and livelihoods.
29 September 1931 Canada A strike by coal miners from Bienfait, Saskatchewan comes comes to a head when police shoot three strikers dead during a protest on the main street in Estevan. For more information
30 September 1962 United States of America Cesar Chavez, with Dolores Huerta, co-founds the National Farm Workers Association, which later was to become the United Farm Workers of America For more information
30 September 1919 USA 237 associated with The Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America, a new African American union for sharecroppers in Phillips County, Arkansas, are murdered by a sheriff's white "posse" during an organizing meeting For more information
1 October 1741 Canada Workers at the Royal Shipyard in Québec organize the first recorded strike in Canadian history.
2 October 1536 United Kingdom The Lincolnshire rising begins in Louth, England. A rural rebellion of peasants & labourers challenging Henry VIII's reforms.
2 October 2007 United States of America Starbucks Workers Union baristas at an outlet in East Grand Rapids, Mich., organized by the Wobblies, win their grievances after the National Labor Relations Board cites the company for labor law violations, including threats against union activists. For more information
3 October 1932 United States of America The state militia is called in after 164 high school students in Kincaid, Ill., go on strike when the school board buys coal from the scab Peabody Coal Co.
4 October 1936 UK At Cable Street, London, thousands of trade unionists, socialists and communists throw up barricades to block the British Union of Fascists from marching through the Jewish neighbourhoods of the East End.
4 October 1909 Australia Workers in new South Wales join a huge procession for the 8 hour day. For more information
5 October 1936 United Kingdom The Jarrow March sets off for London. For more information
5 October 1913 Ireland The British TUC decided that it will stop sending money to locked-out Dublin workers, although food shipments will continue.
6 October 2011 Canada The first H&M retail outlet in Canada is organized in Mississauga, Ontario, where workers vote to be represented by the United Food and Commercial Workers. For more information
6 October 1913 UK The conference of the Miners Federation passes a motion in favour of a general strike in Britain to support Dublin's locked out workers, with only one vote against.
7 October 1897 Lithuania The General Jewish Labour Bund is founded in Vilnius, in the Russian Empire. It will go on to organise millions of Jewish workers, and form a part of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
8 October 1982 Poland Solidarnosc is declared illegal. For more information
8 October 1906 Canada At Buckingham, Québec, workers locked out for organizing a union at the MacLaren pulp mill are attacked by company police. Union officers Thomas Bélanger and François Thériault are shot dead. For more information
8 October 1982 Poland Parliament approves law banning trade union Solidarnosc and all existing labour organisations.
9 October 1888 United States of America United Hebrew Trades founded in New York by socialist shirt-maker Morris Hillquit.
9 October 2003 United States of America Chicago sanitation workers end a nine-day strike, winning a 28% pay rise.
10 October 1933 United States of America Pixley, CA: 18,000 cotton workers strike & ultimately win a pay raise; 4 workers killed during the strike.
10 October 1910 Ireland Huge torchlight march through Dublin to celebrate release of socialist and trade union leader James Larkin from jail.
10 October 1933 United States of America Four workers are killed by cotton growers during a strike in Pixley, California.
11 October 1873 United States of America The Miners’ National Association is formed in Youngstown, Ohio, with the goal of uniting all miners, regardless of skill or ethnic background. For more information
12 October 1898 United States of America The Battle of Virden massacre takes place in Illinois, as striking United Mine Workers fight scabs & guards. 11 killed.
12 October 1973 Canada A strike by immigrant workers at the Artistic Woodwork factory in suburban Toronto attracts strong support from political activists. The strike exposes the role of police in protecting strikebreakers. For more information
12 October 1935 United Kingdom 78 Miners “Stay Down” @ Nine Mile Point colliery, South Wales against employment of scab union workers; other pits are also occupied.
12 October 1975 Canada Grace Hartman is elected National President of CUPE after six years as Secretary-Treasurer, becoming the first woman to lead a major union in North American history. For more information
13 October 1934 United States of America American Federation of Labor votes to boycott German good to protest Nazi policies.
13 October 1992 United Kingdom British govt announces closure of 31 coal mines with loss of 31,000 jobs. Provokes mass protests. For more information
13 October 2014 United Kingdom 500,000 health workers strike for four hours in first national pay strike in 32 years
13 October 1944 Canada The Trades and Labour Congress charters Federal Labour Union 180 at Vancouver General Hospital. This is the beginning of the Hospital Employees' Union of British Columbia, now the province's largest health care union. For more information
14 October 1976 Canada In Canada's first country-wide general strike, one million workers join a Day of Protest against the federal government's wage controls policy. For more information
14 October 1981 Australia Dock workers in Darwin start 7-day strike, refusing to load uranium on board “Pacific Sky” for US military use.
15 October 1914 United States of America President Woodrow Wilson signs the Clayton Antitrust Act, often referred to as "Labor’s Magna Carta,"establishing that unions are not conspiracies under the law. For more information
16 October 1963 Canada More than 200 nurses start an illegal strike at the Hôpital Sainte-Justine in Montréal. They are seeking an end to overwork and recognition of their role in the health system. The thirty-day strike achieves a settlement that encourages unionization. For more information
16 October 1854 Czech Republic Karl Kautsky, Marxist theorist and pre-eminent leader of the Second International born in Prague, then in the Austrian Empire
16 October 1859 United States of America John Brown leads anti-slavery raid on Harper's Ferry.
17 October 1922 United Kingdom Unemployed workers’ march from Glasgow to London.
17 October 1939 United States of America Labor activist Warren Billings is released from California's Folsom Prison. Along with Thomas J. Mooney, Billings had been pardoned for a 1916 conviction stemming from a bomb explosion during a San Francisco Preparedness Day parade. For more information
18 October 2012 Greece The 20th General Strike in two years against austerity takes place.
18 October 1648 United States of America Shoemakers & coopers in Boston form guilds, first American workers orgs, though they focus on work quality not work conditions.
18 October 1913 Ireland Dora Montefiore arrives in Dublin with members of the Domestic Workers Union, offering places with volunteer foster families for the children of strikers.
18 October 1927 United States of America IWW Colorado Mine strike; first time all coal fields are out.
18 October 1935 Canada Farm labourer Nicholas Schaack, 51, dies in hospital following head injuries received on Market Square in Regina on Dominion Day, when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police brought the On to Ottawa Trek of unemployed workers to a violent end. For more information
19 October 1996 Canada When GM tries to break a CAW strike by removing equipment, CAW members occupy the Oshawa plants. For more information
19 October 1980 United States of America The J.P. Stevens textile company is forced to sign its first union contract after a 17-year struggle in North Carolina and other southern states.
20 October 1926 United States of America Eugene V. Debs, leading American Socialist and trade unionist, dies. For more information
21 October 1902 United States of America In the United States, a five-month strike by United Mine Workers ends.
22 October 1887 United States of America John Reed, the author of Ten Days That Shook the World, is born.
22 October 2012 Peru Doctors return to work after 33 day long strike wins first pay rise in a decade.
22 October 1976 Turkey Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Union (HAK-İŞ) founded; affiliated with International & European union confederations.
22 October 1981 United States of America The US Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its previous strike.
23 October 1958 Canada At Springhill, Nova Scotia, 75 men are killed in a mine disaster and 81 miners are rescued the next day. A group of twelve miners are rescued on 30 October and a final group of seven are located and brought to the surface on 1 November. For more information
23 October 1956 Hungary Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation.
24 October 1980 Poland The government of Poland legalizes the Solidarity trade union.
24 October 1892 United States of America Black & white teamsters, salesmen & packers strike in New Orleans. Quickly turns into general strike for 10hr work day.
24 October 1913 Ireland Members of the ITGWU clash with the Ancient Order of Hibernians, who are trying to prevent strikers' children being taken to foster families in England and Belfast.
25 October 1934 United States of America Strike by 23,000 silk dye workers in Paterson, NJ.
25 October 2011 United States of America Workers at Bonus Car Wash in Santa Monica, CA, win a union contract for pay rises & improved benefits after a 2 year struggle.
25 October 1895 UK Socialist and feminist Edith Lanchester captured by her family and institutionalised for opposing the institution of marriage For more information
25 October 1949 United States of America Longshore workers in Hawaii win a strike for pay parity with their colleagues on the mainland.
27 October 1997 Canada More than 125,000 Ontario teachers walk out to protest the province's plans to cut school budgets and centralize control over education. The two-week protest affects two million students and is the largest teachers’ strike in North American history. For more information
27 October 1951 United States of America The National Negro Labor Council is formed in Cincinnati to unite black workers in the struggle for full economic, political and social equality.
28 October 1879 Puerto Rico Birth of labour organiser and womens' rights activist Luisa Capetillo For more information
29 October 1912 New Zealand Auckland and Westport waterside workers join the Great Strike. For more information
30 October 1971 Canada A protest against a lockout at the daily La Presse in Montréal ends in a street battle between thousands of workers and police. When tear gas is used, student activist Michèle Gauthier, an expectant mother, dies of suffocation. For more information
30 October 1986 United States of America Ed Meese, attorney general in the Ronald Reagan administration, urges employers to begin spying on workers "in locker rooms, parking lots, shipping and mail room areas and even the nearby taverns" to try to catch them using drugs.
30 October 1998 Peru National strike takes place .
31 October 1891 United States of America Tennessee sends in leased convict laborers to break a coal miners strike in Anderson County. The miners revolted, burned the stockades, and sent the captured convicts by train back to Knoxville
31 October 1989 El Salvador Bomb kills 10 union leaders at union headquarters in San Salvador.
31 October 1978 Iran 30,000 oil workers strike against Shah’s repressive rule and for democracy, civil and human rights.
1 November 1962 United States of America Strike at New York Daily News by the Newspaper Guild precedes a larger strike at multiple newspapers For more information
1 November 1936 United Kingdom The Jarrow marchers rally in London after arrival the previous day. Protesting unemployment & poverty. For more information
1 November 1956 Canada At Springhill, Nova Scotia 39 men are killed and 88 are rescued after an explosion and fire in one of Canada’s deepest coal mines. For more information
1 November 1835 United States of America Philadelphia - first general strike in US history - for a 10 hour.
1 November 1918 United States of America Scab driver crashes a NYC subway train during labour dispute: 97 die, 255 injured.
1 November 1919 United States of America Some 400,000 soft coal miners strike for higher wages and shorter hours.
1 November 1976 UK Union of Postal Workers refuses to handle any mail for Grunwick, as the strike at the company continues.
1 November 1923 Australia Police in Melbourne strike against the use of labour spies?
2 November 1920 United States of America SPUSA and railway workers' union leader Eugene V. Debs receives nearly one million votes for Presidency of the United States.
2 November 1931 United Kingdom Miners' leader and left-wing trade unionist AJ Cook dies.
2 November 1928 Australia Police fire on striking dock workers in Melbourne, killing one man.
2 November 1811 United Kingdom "Luddite" weavers & knitters destroy machines in Sutton & Ashfield, England, which were a threat to their livelihoods.
2 November 1909 United States of America 150 arrested in IWW free speech fight, Spokane, Washington
3 November 1921 United States of America Striking milk truck drivers in New York City dump thousands of gallons of milk on the streets.
3 November 1908 Canada The Fishermen’s Protective Union is formed in Herring Neck, Newfoundland and Labrador. The union attracts strong support and achieves significant political influence. For more information
3 November 1918 Germany Sailors on the German High Seas Fleet in Kiel mutiny, raising the slogan "Peace and Bread." This starts the German revolution which will overthrow the Kaiser and hasten the end of the First World War.
4 November 1935 Caribbean Four hundred workers unloading a coal ship in St. Lucia go on strike. The colonial governor calls up the volunteers in response.
4 November 1908 Australia Sydney's rockchoppers vow to continue their strike "so long as one single member of the union remains in gaol." For more information
5 November 1945 Canada Start of a blockade of the Ford plant in Windsor ON by strikers and their supporters. For more information
5 November 1885 United States of America Eugene V. Debs, leading figure in the railway workers unions, the IWW and the American Socialist Party, was born. For more information
5 November 1890 Australia Miners in Newcastle are the last New South Wales workers to return to work after the Great Strike.
5 November 1916 USA Gunfight between IWW union members and Everett's sheiff and his deputies. IWW had attemped to organize mill workers on the waterfront. For more information
6 November 1945 Canada Striking Ford workers and supporters use hundreds of motor vehicles to blockade the company plant in Windsor, Ontario. The strike leads to an arbitrated settlement and the protection of union security through the Rand Formula. For more information
6 November 1978 Iran An autumn of workers' action against the Shah culminates in a general strike calling for his abdication
6 November 1913 Ireland The military are on standby as hundreds of strikebreakers are shipped into the Port of Dublin.
8 November 1913 New Zealand A general strike in launched in Auckland in sympathy with wharf workers, whose picket lines have been attacked by police For more information
9 November 1935 United States of America The Committee for Industrial Organization is formed, breaking away from the American Federation of Labor. For more information
9 November 1932 Iceland The Battle of Good Templars House—Guttóslagurinn. Mass communist led strike and protest against wage cuts For more information
10 November 1980 Poland The Solidarity union is officially registered in Poland.
10 November 1983 Canada In British Columbia three months of protests against attacks on union rights and social services reach a critical turning point as teachers prepare to join the massive mobilization led by Operation Solidarity and the Solidarity Coalition For more information
10 November 1975 Canada An iron ore carrier sinks in a storm on Lake Superior, with the loss of all 29 hands. Although the freighter and crew of the Edmund Fitzgerald are American, the Canadian songwriter Gordon Lightfoot a year later memorializes the disaster. For more information
10 November 1933 United States of America America's first Depression-era sit-down strike occurs at the Hormel food plant in Austin, Minnesota.
10 November 1984 Global Transport unions call for International blockade of coal and oil shipments to the UK in solidarity with the Miner's Strike.
11 November 1831 United States of America Slave rebellion leader Nat Turner is hanged for his role leading a slave revolt 3 months earlier in Virginia.
11 November 1997 Dominican Republic A two-day general strike begins against the austerity measures of the government of President Leonel Fernandez.
11 November 1869 Russia Pioneering socialist and feminist Antoinette Konikow born in the Russian Empire. Konikow later became a founder of US Trotskyism For more information
12 November 1912 New Zealand In the goldmining town of Waihi, New Zealand, striking miner Fred Evans is fatally injured when police and strikebreakers storm the miners' hall on what becomes known as Black Tuesday. For more information
12 November 1981 Bolivia Miners at Huanuni begin a strike for union rights against the military government. For more information
12 November 1957 San Marino Formation of Democratic Confederation of San Marino Workers, affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation.
12 November 1892 United States of America Workers in New Orleans win a 10 hour day and overtime pay, after a four-day general strike led by racially integrated unions For more information
12 November 1982 Poland Solidarity union movement leader Lech Walesa freed by Polish government after 11 months of internment.
12 November 1912 New Zealand The death of Fred Evans caused by a blow from a police baton, New Zealand's first victim of industrial unrest For more information
12 November 1913 Ireland James Connolly calls all ITGWU dockers in Dublin out on strike. Larkin, released from prison the following day, disagreess with the move, wanting to keep the dockers as a final reserve.
13 November 1918 Netherlands Workers march through Amsterdam in support of mutinous soldiers at the height of the "Red Week" in the Netherlands. Five are killed and eighteen wounded when soldiers loyal to the government open fire on the march. For more information
13 November 1913 Ireland Irish syndicalist union leader Jim Larkin is released from prison during the bitter Dublin Lock-out For more information
13 November 1996 French Guiana The Education Workers of Guiana stage a general strike in support of high school students For more information
13 November 1974 United States of America Oil, Chemical & Atomic Workers union activist Karen Silkwood dies in suspicious car crash while driving documents to a reporter.
13 November 2002 United Kingdom First strike by the Fire Brigades Union in their 2002-2003 dispute for increased pay.
14 November 1982 Poland Solidarity trade union leader and shipyard worker Lech Walesa is released from prison in Poland after 11 months
14 November 1913 UK Sympathy action breaks out in some British ports, like Liverpool, in support of workers in Dublin, but fails to spread.
14 November 1917 Finland A week-long general strike begins in Finland, called by socialists influenced by the Russian Revolution. For more information
14 November 1977 United Kingdom Firefighters begin their first ever national strike over 30% pay claim.
14 November 1938 United States of America Foundation of the National Federation of Telephone Workers (later Communications Workers of America) in New Orleans.
15 November 1922 Ecuador In the city of Guayaquil, workers come together in a general strike for pay rises and the 8-hour day. Soldiers fire on a mass rally, killing as many as 300 people. Workers won most of their demands a few days later, but the state repression of t For more information
15 November 1987 Romania Brașov Rebellion begins in against Nicolae Ceaușescu's plans to reduce wages, food etc. 10,000s of workers strike.
16 November 1927 Russia Adolphe Joffe, a consistent communist opponent of Stalin, commits suicide in the Soviet Union. For more information
16 November 1925 Canada Three thousand workers at shoe factories in Quebec City go on strike when the employers announce reduced rates of pay. When the workers agree to submit the dispute to arbitration, they win a favourable result, but employers refuse to accept the decision. For more information
17 November 1973 Greece The Athens Polytechnic strike against the military government is crushed in a bloody crackdown. For more information
18 November 1918 Brazil Workers’ insurrection in Rio de Janeiro of 6000 workers & a plot to overthrow Brazil’s government.
18 November 1938 United States of America The Congress of Industrial Organisations elects John L. Lewis as its first president For more information
18 November 1929 Canada At Onion Lake, in Northern Ontario, two Finnish-Canadian lumber camp union organizers are seen for the last time. When the bodies of Viljo Rosvall and Janne Voutilainen are found under the ice in the spring, they are buried as martyrs to the labour cause. For more information
19 November 1997 Canada Forty-five thousand postal workers, members of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers, walk off the job across the country over issues of job security, wages and changes to lettercarrier routes. For more information
19 November 1915 United States of America Joe Hill, a Swedish-American organiser for the Industrial Workers of the World, is framed and executed for murder in Utah. For more information
19 November 1913 Ireland The battlelines harden in the Dublin Lockout as James Connolly tells a meeting that ‘any man who means in future to become a member of the Transport Workers Union must be prepared to enrol himself in the Citizen Army.'
20 November 1896 United States of America Rose Pesotta born. Anarchist labour activist & only woman on board of Intl Ladies’ Garment Workers Union (ILGWU).
20 November 1936 Spain Buenaventura Durruti, a leader of the Spanish anarcho-syndicalist union, the CNT, dies fighting in Madrid during the early months of the Spanish Civil War For more information
21 November 2009 Iraq Leather workers in the Federation of Workers' Councils and Unions of Iraq win their strike for back pay from the government For more information
21 November 1910 Brazil Black sailors on a Brazilian warship, the Minas Geraes, strike in response to the public whipping of one of their comrades. For more information
22 November 1900 UK 2,800 workers at the Penrhyn quarry in Snowdonia, Wales, walk off the job over pay and union recognition. The strike last a staggering three years, one of the longest industrial disputes in British history. For more information
22 November 2000 Canada Workers at a McDonald's restaurant in Montreal gain union recognition. For more information
23 November 1921 Canada A Maternity Protection Act, introduced by a labour member, is enacted in British Columbia. It allows women to apply for six weeks' unpaid leave before giving birth and prohibits the employment of mothers for six weeks after. For more information
23 November 1935 Caribbean George McIntosh is arrested for treason for his role in the labour rebellion on the island of St. Vincent. For more information
24 November 1995 France A general strike in France begins the three-week strike wave which will force Alain Juppe's government to drop its pension reform plans. For more information
24 November 2012 Bangladesh 112 garment workers die in a fire at the Tazreen Fashions factory in Dhaka.
24 November 1955 USA AFL and CIO merge to form AFL-CIO For more information
24 November 2010 Portugal The first general strike against government austerity policies starts. For more information
25 November 1940 Netherlands Students at Delft College and Leiden University strike in the Nazi-occupied Netherlands, in support of sacked Jewish academics.
26 November 1913 United States of America Wobblies Joe Ettor Arturo Giovannitti and Joseph Caruso acquitted for murdering picket Anna LoPizzo during the Lawrence textile workers strike.
26 November 1913 New Zealand Christchurch paper boys strike local newspapers to press their demand for increased wages. For more information
27 November 1884 United States of America Anarchist A.R. Parsons addresses a Thanksgiving Day hunger march in Chicago. For more information
27 November 1989 Czech Republic Workers stage a two hour general strike as the culmination of a series of protests known as the 'Velvet Revolution.' For more information
28 November 1913 Ireland Seafarers Union leader Havelock Wilson negotiates a return to work for his Dublin members, without consulting the ITGWU/
28 November 1820 Germany Friedrich Engels is born in Wuppertal, Germany. He will become the most famous collaborator of Karl Marx. For more information
28 November 1984 United Kingdom TUC General Council seeks talks with government over British Miners' strike.
29 November 1946 Indonesia The All Indonesia Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) is founded in Jakarta, calling for workers unity and socialism.
29 November 1849 Australia Chartist leader William Cuffay arrives in Australia, having been transported from Britain after his treason trial For more information
29 November 1980 United States of America Dorothy Day, suffragist, Christian anarchist, and founder of the Catholic Worker movement, dies today in New York City aged 83. For more information
30 November 2011 UK Millions of public sector workers join the biggest single strike day since 1926, against the government's pension reforms. For more information
30 November 1902 USA Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones) died in 1930. Considered "the most dangerous woman in American" by politicians and employers. Founding member of IWW, organized steel, railroad, textile, mining workers, and women. Crusaded against child labor. For more information
1 December 1955 United States of America Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus, sparking the Montgomery bus boycott.
1 December 1948 Australia The long ACTU-led campaign to win more time off for workers led to the imposition of the 40-hour work week and the 2-day weekend. For more information
1 December 1946 United States of America 130,000 Oakland, USA workers go on general strike. For more information
2 December 1913 Ireland The first group of ITGWU dockers returns to work from their strike in support of the Dublin lockout.
2 December 1939 Finland The Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions proclaims that Finnish workers will take up arms against invasion by the USSR. For more information
3 December 1984 India Bhopal chemical disaster, leading to hundreds of deaths.
4 December 2007 South Africa The first ever nation-wide miner's strike. A one-day stoppage by the National Union of Mineworkers over working conditions and safety.
4 December 1970 United States of America Cesar Chavez sentenced to 20 days in jail for not calling off United Farm Workers boycott of lettuce grower Bud Antle Inc.
5 December 1955 United States of America The two main union federations in the USA merge to form the AFL-CIO, electing George Meany as president,
6 December 1907 United States of America The worst mining disaster in American history occurs when an explosion in a Monongah mine in West Virginia kills 361 miners. For more information
6 December 1921 Canada J. S. Woodsworth, a Methodist minister arrested during the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919, is elected as the Labour Member of Parliament for Winnipeg Centre. Re-elected five times, he is a founder, in 1932, of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. For more information
6 December 1917 Canada Wartime miscalculations and naval mismanagement cause unprecedented devastation for working-class neighborhoods in Halifax, Nova Scotia. When two ships collide in the harbour, one of them loaded with tons of explosives, almost 2,000 people are killed. For more information
6 December 1928 Colombia The government uses military to suppress a strike by United Fruit Company workers, resulting in unknown number of deaths.
7 December 1929 Fiji Teachers Union representing elementary & secondary education teachers is founded.
7 December 1905 Russia A general strike begins in Moscow that will last ten days and develop into an unsuccessful armed uprising: the 1905 revolution For more information
7 December 1970 Canada The Royal Commission on the Status of Women releases its report. Many of the 167 recommendations relate to the status of women in the workplace, including pay equity and access to childcare, education and training. For more information
7 December 1994 France 1.75 million workers protest during a series of general strikes against gov cuts & exploitation, shutting down country.
7 December 2006 Egypt Women Workers at Misr textile factory in Mahalla, Egypt walk off the job in a strike for a bonus promised by the government. For more information
7 December 1896 United States of America In Chicago, 11 activists found the National Union of Steam Engineers of America; the forerunner of International Union of Operating Engineers.
7 December 1918 United Kingdom 100,000 textile workers begin their strike in Lancashire.
8 December 1886 United States of America The American Federation of Labor (AFL) is founded by 26 craft unions. Samuel Gompers is elected president.
8 December 2001 United States of America 230 jailed teachers in Middletown Township, NJ, ordered freed after agreement to end 9day strike & enter mediation.
8 December 1908 Ireland James Larkin suspended from Dock Union organisers role by union leadership trying to curb his militancy.
8 December 1916 United States of America Bernice Fisher born. US civil rights activist, union organizer, original founder of Congress of Racial Equality.
9 December 1913 UK A Special Delegate Conference of the TUC votes overwhelmingly against calling sympathetic strike action to aid locked-out workers in Dublin.
9 December 1925 Spain Pablo Iglesias dies. Known as father of Spanish socialism: founded Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) & UGT union.
9 December 1895 Canada Annie Buller is born in Ukraine, coming to Canada as a child. She becomes an early woman leader of the Communist Party of Canada and one of its most formidable organizers. For more information
9 December 1910 Canada Methane gas explodes in the Bellevue, Alberta coal mine in the Crowsnest Pass. The union had warned against gas accumulations more than once that year. There are seventeen survivors and thirty-one casualties, including one rescuer. For more information
10 December 1907 Chile A general strike beings in Tarapacá Province, the start of the 18 Pence Strike (la huelga de los 18 peniques). The Chilean army massacres over 2,000 strikers & their families on 21st Dec.
10 December 1983 Poland Lech Walesa, leader of the Solidarity union in Poland, wins the Nobel Peace Prize. His wife Danuta accepts on his behalf. For more information
11 December 1984 Canada The United Auto Workers Canadian Council decides to separate from the international union and form UAW-Canada, later the Canadian Auto Workers (CAW). For more information
12 December 1920 Israel The Histadrut - Israel's national trade union centre - is established in Haifa. For more information
12 December 1964 France 9 million workers participate in a public sector strike against the de Gaulle government. For more information
13 December 1924 United States of America Samuel Gompers, founder of the American Federation of Labor, dies.
13 December 1924 USA Samuel Gompers, the cigarmaker who's the reason you work only 8 hours a day, dies. Rolling cigars doesn't require too much thought, so Samuel Gompers had the mental leisure to contemplate economic issues. For more information
13 December 1981 Poland General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland in an attempt to stop political opposition led by the Solidarity union. 1000s of activists imprisoned.
14 December 1988 Spain 24 hour General Strike by UGT and CCOO unions.
14 December 1995 United States of America Boeing machinists in the US win a pay rise and an imporved health plan after a 69 day strike. For more information
14 December 1992 Poland 300000 coal miners strike in Poland over low wages & losses of 180000 jobs.
14 December 1965 Canada A small group of women workers at Tilco Plastics in Peterborough, Ontario, go on strike for a union contract, only to face strikebreakers and court injunctions against picketing. The strike is lost but leads to the abolition of ex parte injunctions. For more information
14 December 1852 United States of America American Socialist Daniel De Leon born. Trade union organiser, journalist and Marxist theoretician who died in 1914.
15 December 1882 Australia Tailoresses' Association of Melbourne, Australia's first women's trade union, established.
16 December 1912 France The CGT launches a one day general strike against war, with protests involving 600,000 workers.
16 December 2011 Kazakhstan Massacre of striking oil workers in Zhanaozen.
16 December 1930 Spain A general strike begins the revolution that will overthrow the monarchy and replace it with the Second Spanish Republic. For more information
16 December 1970 Poland ovt sends in military to pacify coastal cities where workers are striking over high prices. They shoot striking shipyard workers.
17 December 1918 Australia A march of members of the Australian Workers Union forces the resignation of the Administrator of the Northern Territory, John Gilruth. For more information
17 December 1970 Poland In Gdynia, Poland soldiers fire at workers emerging from trains, killing dozens. For more information
18 December 2010 Tunisia Anti-government protests, lead by the UGTT, signal the beginning of the Arab Spring.
18 December 1994 Indonesia Muchtac Pakpahan, leader of independent Prosperity Labor Union imprisoned for allegedly inciting riots, later his sentence extended to four years.
18 December 1830 United Kingdom Trial of “Swing Rioters” from south and east of England begins. They fought for better wages, jobs and against the Poor Laws.
19 December 1907 United States of America A group of 239 coal miners die during a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
19 December 1983 United States of America Greyhound bus strike ends when members of Amalgamated Transit Union ratify a contract that slashes wages & benefits by 15%
19 December 1945 Canada The historic 99-day strike at Ford in Windsor, Ontario ends with an agreement to have Supreme Court Justice Ivan C. Rand arbitrate a new collective agreement. His decision leads to adoption of the Rand Formula for union security. For more information
19 December 1995 South Africa Two hour stoppage by the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) against privatisation.
20 December 2001 Canada In a union appeal against an Ontario law, the Supreme Court of Canada rules that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects the right of agricultural workers to trade unionism and collective bargaining. For more information
21 December 1916 Australia The Wobblies (Industrial Workers of the World) are outlawed.
21 December 1910 United Kingdom In the second worst mining accident in England, an underground explosion at the Hulton Bank Colliery No. 3 Pit killed 344 people For more information
21 December 1977 United Kingdom Firemen jeer TUC's pay snub. For more information
21 December 1919 United States of America Emma Goldman is deported to Russia as part of a post-war crackdown on union and left-wing activists. For more information
21 December 1907 Chile Santa María School massacre in Iquique Army against striking saltpeter miners, their wives & children. 2000+ die.
21 December 1916 United States of America Emma Tenayuca, Mexican-American labour leader, is born. For more information
21 December 1907 Chile The Chilean Army commits a massacre of at least 2,000 striking saltpeter miners in Iquique, Chile. For more information
22 December 1945 Senegal Workers in Dakar begin a strike for higher wages which will inspire the workers' movement across West Africa. For more information
22 December 1890 United Kingdom 9000 from three Scottish railway companies strike for pay and conditions, including 10 hour day. Lasted over a month and forced parliamentary debate on hours in railway industry.
22 December 1913 Ireland Over £9000 worth of food arrives in Dublin from the TUC, for families of locked-out workers to survive Christmas.
23 December 1908 United States of America AFL officers are found in contempt of court for urging a labor boycott of Buck's Stove and Range Co. in St Louis.
23 December 1928 Australia An industrial court decides that timber workers must increase their weekly working hours from 44 to 48, a decision that sparks a 6 month long strike. For more information
23 December 2010 United Kingdom Death of Jayaben Desai the leading figure in the strikers in the Grunwick strike of mainly Asian women in London in 1976.
24 December 1913 United States of America Seventy three striking miners and their families die in a stampede at the Italian Hall in Calumet, Michigan, after an unknown man enters shouting 'Fire!' For more information
24 December 1913 USA 59 children die in Christmas Eve mining disaster in Calumet, Michigan. For more information
24 December 1913 United States of America The Italian Hall Disaster in Calumet, Michigan, results in the death of 73 Christmas party goers held by striking miners. For more information
25 December 1910 United States of America Bomb destroys part of the Llewellyn Ironworks in Los Angeles where a bitter strike is ongoing.
25 December 1904 United States of America Philip Vera Cruz, labour leader & activist in Asian American civil rights movement, is born. Co-founder of United Farm Workers' Union.
25 December 1831 Jamaica The Great Jamaican Slave Revolt begins; an 11 day rebellion that started involving up to 60,000 of Jamaica's 300,000 slaves following Baptist preacher, Samuel Sharpe. Over 200 slaves lose their lives.
25 December 1968 India Forty-four Dalits are burnt to death in Kizhavenmani village, Tamil Nadu. Retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit laborers. For more information
25 December 2007 Poland Miners hold underground Christmas protest over merger, wages.
26 December 1877 United States of America First national convention of the Socialist Labor Party, the first Marxist party founded in the USA. For more information
26 December 1966 Korea Largest organised strike in South Korean history begins with cat & shipbuilders protesting anti-labour laws. Up to 350,000 on strike.
27 December 2010 Bolivia Bus drivers’ strike over 70-80% increases in fuel costs after govt announces end to subsidies.
27 December 1913 Canada Protests by members of the Industrial Workers of the World in Edmonton, Alberta, force the city to provide emergency work and housing for 400 unemployed. For more information
27 December 1913 Kenya Makhan Singh was born in India. He was deported to India and imprisoned for his role in the 1939 Mombasa General strike and translated Capital while in gaol. Returned to Kenya in 1947, led another Mombasa general strike, was imprisoned for 11 years.
27 December 1943 United States of America President Roosevelt seizes railroads to avoid a national strike.
28 December 1973 Finland Trade Union of Education in Finland (Opetusalan Ammattijärjestö) founded.
28 December 1908 Ireland Delegates, lead by James Larkin, meet to discuss formation of Irish Transport & General Workers Union.
28 December 1973 USA Skylab Mutiny began when one of the crew members killed all communication with NASA's ground control and the men spent the rest of the day relaxing and looking out the window at Earth. Crew said that 16-hr days amounted to being overworked. For more information
29 December 1876 Canada Grand Trunk Railway workers in eastern Ontario go on strike in support of fired co-workers. The four-day strike is broken by the use of scabs and militia. For more information
29 December 2006 United States of America More than 15,000 United Steel Workers members at 16 Goodyear Tire & Rubber plants end an 86-day strike, ratify three-year contract.
29 December 1948 India Hind Mazdoor Sabha (Workers Assembly of India) national trade union centre is founded.
29 December 1884 Australia Edward Theodore, founder of Amalgamated Workers’ Assn & forerunner of Australian Workers’ Union (AWU), is born.
29 December 1975 United Kingdom Sex Discrimination & Equal Pay Acts enacted in England to prevent women being paid less than men for the same job. Over forty years later women still earn, on average, 9% less than men.
30 December 1899 United States of America In the back room of Behrens’ cigar shop in Sedalia, Missiouri, US, 33 railroad clerks form Local Lodge Number 1 of the Order of the Railroad Clerks of America.
30 December 1936 United States of America The most famous of the Depression-era "sit down" strikes in the US begins at GM's Fisher Body plant in Flint, Michigan. For more information
30 December 1936 United States of America The United Auto Workers union stages its first sit-down strike. For more information
31 December 2011 Canada The six-month long lockout of Steelworkers by Rio Tinto in Alma Quebec begins. It is followed by an unprecedented global solidarity campaign.
31 December 1969 United States of America Rank-and-file UMWA activist Jock Yablonski is murdered along with his family by hitmen acting on the orders of union president. For more information
31 December 1968 Australia John Smith Garden, Australian trade unionist & founding member of Communist Party of Australia, dies.
31 December 1958 Canada In Newfoundland, members of the International Woodworkers of America go on strike against the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company. When Premier Joe Smallwood decertifies the union, the struggle draws international attention. For more information
31 December 1969 United States of America Murder of Joseph Yablonski, United Mine Workers labor leader, by killers hired by a union political opponent.
6 1893 United States of America The American Railway Union is founded, with Eugene Debs as its leader For more information
4 1913 Belgium The Belgian general strike for universal suffrage ends, having won a commitment from the government to change the voting franchise.
31 1919 United Kingdom The Collar Laundry Union was formed in New York, the first women's union in US history, led by Kate Mullany. Over the next few years the women increase their wages from $2 to $14 a week. For more information




Total: 995

Click here to return to LabourStart